SECTION I. HISTORICAL MONITORING OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL
THE GREAT RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND COSSACKS
Abstract. This article presents the political processes associated with the radical reorganization of Russian statehood following the results of the Great October Socialist Revolution – the Great Russian Revolution and their influence on the fate of the Cossack estate. Hold a course for the elimination of all social estates, including the Cossacks, during the first decades the Soviet state government bodies carried out a repressive policy toward the Cossacks, thereby violating the traditions of its use as a military service estate exercised the security and defensive functions. Only on the eve of the Second World War, in the face of increasing Soviet military security threat the importance of the Cossacks and the possibility of its use to repel the foreign aggression was awareness, which explains its subsequent rehabilitation.
Keywords: Russia, the Great Russian revolution, the Cossacks, the abolition of social estates, terror, repression, anti-Russian speeches, decossackization, the rehabilitation of the Cossacks.
NEWCOMERS TO RUSSIAN NORTH
Annotation. The article is devoted to the dichotomy of “friends or foes” in the Russian North. The category of “otherness” is considered separately on terms of social relationships. The objects of the study were non-indigenous residents of the North Russian villages, the subject – their place in the rural society. The main sources were the modern author’s field data collected in 2007-2016 in the Arkhangelsk and Vologda Regions, as well as in the Republic of Komi, and as the supporting data – the materials of Prince V.N. Tenishev’s Ethnographic Bureau (the turn of the XIX – XX centuries). The author identifies two main categories of “foes” in the village: people born outside the village, but residing there permanently, and arriving to the village for a short period of time. A comparative analysis of pre-revolutionary materials and Soviet historiography, as well as modern field data was conducted. The article puts forward a hypothesis about the existence of internal “foes” in the North Russian village, but conclusions are made about the readiness of the North Russian rural society to welcome visitors to their surroundings. The paramount role in this is played by the willingness of the “foe” to follow generally accepted social norms of behavior in the given community. The issue of the role of internal and external “foes” in the integration and self-organization of rural society in the Russian North is also brought up.
Keywords: the North of European Russia, peasantry, rural community, social norms of behavior, strangers, newcomers.
SECTION II. PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL BASES OF COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN PERSON AND SOCIETY
Bobrova O.M., Bobrova E.V., Sekach M.F.
FINE ENERGY FIELD OR THE FIFTH FIELD
Abstract. Science has so far recognized only four types of natural universal fields: gravitational, electromagnetic, strong, and weak nuclear fields. It is assumed that in addition to biochemical processes and genetic programs in a living organism, a specific biological field could act an active role. That would be an ultraweak “fifth field”, providing a delicate interaction with four known fields. This hypothesis is confirmed by the results of medical trials. The very small fields lead to better results in treatment than those used in the traditional practice. Biological systems are not subject to simple logic that the stronger stimuli, the better results.
Keywords: neurons, ligands, neuropeptides, the emotions, the brain, the bio-field, nuclear field, electromagnetic energy, quantum physics, the universe.
SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CLIMATE IN THE CONTEXT OF EMPLOYEES ACTIVITIES EFFICIENCY
Abstract. The article underlines the importance of social and psychological climate in the labor collective and its relation to the efficiency of employees’ professional activities. The psychological conditions of labor efficiency were singled out, namely: favorable social and psychological climate, labor motivation, competence, performance, and emotional stability. Numerous connections were identified between the efficiency of employees’ labor activities and the elements of a social and psychological climate. Most of them concerned the emotional atmosphere, interpersonal relationships, and the success of teamwork.
Keywords: socio-psychological climate, professional activity, efficiency of work, and the workforce productivity.
Nesmeyanova R.K., Lipatov S.A.
CURRENT TRENDS OF FOREIGN PSYCHOLOGY IN STUDYING THE ORGANIZATIONAL IDENTIFICATION
Abstract. In the scientific world, there is an unflagging interest in the phenomenon of organizational identification, which causes its active research. They study its content and structure, also its main types are distinguished, and classifications and typologies are made up. The work presented in this paper is the origin background of organizational identification and its sources, and the related concepts such as social identity, social identification and organizational identity are considered here. Basic definitions are given, characteristics of organizational identification, its positive and negative sides, motives and prerequisites of origin are described. Also, its impact on various aspects related to the employees’ activities and the company as a whole is discussed in detail. It is noted that identifications can be multiple, and their level is consistent with the need for identification. The following main types of organizational identification are analyzed in detail: situational and deep structural identification; relational and identification with colleagues; with the kind of activity and professional; with division and the whole organization. Two models of organizational identification are presented separately and compared. The particular attention is paid to the most currently used extended model, which includes four types of it: identification itself, neutral identification, ambivalent identification, and de-identification. The model review is supplemented by its critical analysis. The article concludes with a discussion of prospects for further study development in this field.
Key words: social identity, social identity, organizational identity, organizational identification, neutral identification, ambivalent identification, disidentification.
Grigor’eva M.A., Grigor’ev S.M.
Abstract. The state national security largely depends on the individual and the quality of human relations. The need for stability of every citizen of the country, protection, freedom from fear, anxiety and chaos – this is his security. Specialists can significantly stabilize the safe operation of the people, improve their psychological stability, and strengthen the psychological climate in small groups, corporations and society.
Keywords: national security, psychological security, entropy, homeostasis, psychological resources, mental stability, special and extreme conditions of activity, psychological correction, neurolinguistic programming, Ericksonian psychotherapy.
Shishlova E. E.
THE POST-NON-CLASSICAL INTERPRETATION OF GENDER ANDGENDER APPROACH IN THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE HUMANITIESAND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
Abstract. This article provides the post-non-classical interpretation of gender categories and gender approach, claimed by the post-industrial stage of science and society development. The essence of gender approach in education is analyzed taking into account its historical perspective that reflects the change of classical thinking by non-classical one. The dynamics of sex-gender-androgyne categories along with the sex-role, gender-role, and androgyne-role approaches. Are considered Based on the post-non-classical interpretation of gender as a communicative phenomenon, a new interpretation of its role in education as establishing egalitarian values and directed at the specialist’s communicative competence development is formed. This interpretation replaces the non-classical one, which reduces the essence of a gender approach to the criticism of patriarchal traditions.
Keywords: Post-non-classical science, gender as a communicative phenomenon; gender approach in education; patriarchal tradition; egalitarian values.
SECTION III. THE PROBLEM OF EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND FULFILLMENT OF THE SUBJECT OF WORK AND LIFE STRATEGIES
Sokolova L.V., Molchanov A.V., Drozdova O.P.
FORMS OF THE EXTRACURRICULAR MORAL-BASED COGNITIVE ACTIVITIES OF SCHOOLCHILDREN
Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of moral and cognitive interest development among schoolchildren in the extracurricular activities during the ethical conversations on various factual materials, taking into account the schoolchildren’s moral qualities formation.
The article presents the material on the essence of formation of honor and dignity formation, defines the importance in the moral development of a man, and formulates the advices for students in developing these most important personal qualities. The article demonstrates the examples of tactless behavior acted out, using the method of staging theater miniatures. The experience of disclosing the specific features in students’ personal qualities, including the features of the honor and personal dignity manifestation in young men and women, is described. Also, the article describes the experience of applying an event-based approach, the essence of which is to make the forms of moral-cognitive activities of high-school students fascinating, so that each collective creative work (CCW) held in the class leaves a bright trace in the memory of schoolchildren. Special attention is paid to stimulating mental and emotional activities of students in the process of developing their moral convictions, which are characterized by a much greater imperative and act as an important driving force of moral human behavior. The article outlines the stages aimed at forming the moral convictions of the gymnasium students in terms of observing the principles of honor and personal dignity. Moral development of the schoolchildren’s honor and personal dignity at the level of beliefs is that moral principles, norms and rules of behavior are fixed in their minds and determine their behavior in any life situations.
Keywords: cognitive interest, extracurricular activities, ethical discussions of moral orientation and moral qualities, situations, rude behavior, displays of honor and personal dignity, ethical beliefs.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CADETS’ SYSTEM OF VALUES IN THE PROCESS OF SUPPLEMENTARY EDUCATION
Abstract. The article provides a brief overview for the concepts of value and system of values in the individual. The various theories of values are presented and the diagnostic tools for studying the system of values in the individual are described. The attention is focused on the need to implement the value-based education of the younger generation in schools, taking into account the family institution crisis. The issues of the need to implement the value-based education and its features in the Cadet School are considered, including those based on the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation” and the Statute of the Cadet School. A preliminary diagnosis of the Cadets’ system of values has been carried out on the basis of several methods for studying the system of values in the individual and a brief analysis of its results is provided. The possibility of implementing the value-based education of the Cadets within the supplementary education is considered. The ways and means for the development of cadets’ axiosphere in supplementary education are substantiated, taking into account its specifics in the Cadet School. A brief description of training programs within the supplementary education in terms of the Cadets’ value-based education is given. Various methods and technologies that contribute to the formation of the Cadets’ system of values within the supplementary education are considered, taking into account the specifics of the Cadet School. The methods and technologies used in the classes are described and their brief content is given. The examples of topics for group discussions, which were discussed in the classes and cited the greatest interest among cadets, as well as various games, workshops, films, and presentations are given. An intermediate diagnosis of the Cadets’ system of values was carried out and its results were given. The initially obtained results convince us of the positive dynamics in the development of value hierarchy.
Keywords: axiology, values, cadet school, additional education, axiosphere.
Grigor’eva M.A., Grigor’ev S.M.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN SPECIAL CONDITION
Abstract. In the special occupational conditions, the back-up possibilities of compensatory type are mobilized. Special conditions mean the conditions when the specialists’ activities are associated with a non-permanent impact of extreme factors, while such extreme factors do not have a high power or intensity, and the emerging negative functional states are expressed moderately. But how do they relate to the safe existence of a man?
Keywords: safety, psychological security, special, extreme conditions, negative mental state, self-regulation, psychological resilience, psychological correction.