SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL
STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE AND ITS MANIFESTATION IN MUSSOLINI ITALY
Abstract. The article deals with the problem of structural violence and its manifestations in Italy of the era of fascism. The definition of structural violence as such is given on the basis of the works of the Norwegian scientist Johan Galtung, its characteristics are described on the basis of literature, and the difference between physical violence is explained. Further, we are talking about methods and means of influencing the people of Italy with hidden violence, often imperceptible, but at the same time having a direct impact on the consciousness of Italians. The organizations and events created by the fascist government are described, the purpose of which was not only to introduce fascist principles and values into the minds of Italians, but also to demonstrate the achievements of the Duce government. The characteristics of these organizations and events are given on the basis of one of the main newspapers of Italy of the Mussolini era – Corrie re della Sera.
ABOUT ONE ASPECT OF THE FOUNDATION OF RUSSIAN MONASTERIES IN THE 14 – 15TH CENTURIES
Abstract. This article is devoted to the study of one of the aspects of the “monastic revival” of the 14–15th centuries, namely, the question of determining the starting point of the creation of a Russian medieval monastery based on hagiographic sources. On the basis of Russian hagiography, the concept identifying the construction of a church with the foundation of a monastery is critically analyzed. Of the entire volume of the lives of the founders of the monasteries of the 14 – 15th centuries, the author has identified only a few monuments in which the appearance of the monastery is associated with the creation of the church. It is unlikely that these news reflect a common practice, they also don’t lie in line with a single hagiographic tradition.
“FIRE EXECUTIONS” OF HERETICS IN THE CULTURAL PARADIGM OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XV – BEGINNING OF THE XVI CENTURIES
Abstract. The subject of this article is the development in the official ideology of the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the second half of the 15th – early 16th centuries ideas about the need to burn heretics. This problem is revealed on the basis of the study of journalistic works and canonical texts that mention burning. The aim of the study is to show that it was during this period that the idea of the need for a harsh response to heretics, up to the application of severe executions to them, becomes the key motive for the work of Moscow scribes.
Strengthening the political positions of Moscow Rus in the second half of the 15th century was accompanied by active ideological work aimed at creating the image of the Grand Duke of Moscow as a defender of Orthodoxy. For this, in the early 1460s “The Word is Chosen from the Holy Scriptures” is created – the most important journalistic monument, glorifying the grand-princely policy and condemning the Union of Florence and Metropolitan Isidore. It is here that the need for the burning of heretics is mentioned for the first time with reference to some “apostolic rules”. At the same time, a fragment of the “Word of the Chosen One”, containing the phrase about the burning of heretics, continued to be repeatedly reproduced in Moscow annals of the late 15th – early 16th centuries. Apparently, its actualization was facilitated by the campaign against the “Judaizers”, which ended with the burning of a number of heretics in 1504.
The above reference to “apostolic canons” refers to the Pilot Books. The only text about burnings contained in the Kormchay is compiled in the 14th century the apocryphal “Rule 165 of St. father”, threatening with fire not only the enemies of church land ownership, but also everyone who inflicts “offenses” on the Church. Considering this, as well as the rather wide popularity of the Rule, which was quoted by such enemies of heretics as Gennady Novgorodsky and Joseph Volotsky, it was suggested that it was the “Rule 165 of St. father” was used in editing that part of the “Word is Chosen”, which referred to the burning of heretics.
MANIPULATION POTENTIAL OF IDENTIFICATION IN THE FOREIGN PRESS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES
Abstract. The subject of this article is the hidden meanings in the headlines and texts of articles of one of the most authoritative American publications – The New York Times. The headlines and publications that use the manipulation technique of “identifying”, in particular, Russian political and public figures with reference groups of persons known to the American reader, individual politicians, are analyzed. The purpose of the study is to identify the source study potential of manipulative techniques used in The New York Times in 1980-90, using the example of identification.
Thanks to the use of the identification technique in the course of the work, it was possible to discover a number of hidden information in the texts of an American newspaper, which were aimed at manipulating the reader.
For the first time, among the headlines and texts of The New York Times, the method of identification was revealed as an independent manipulative technique that allows you to form a certain image of a political or public figure (and sometimes an alliance, organization or an entire country). The result of the work was the identification of a number of manipulation properties of the identification technique, as well as the development of a step-by-step scheme for working with the technique, which can be used by a source researcher to detect hidden information in periodicals. For the qualitative processing of the content of materials on the topic of research and the identification of patterns, the method of content analysis was used.
SECRETARY OF STATE A.A. MAKAROV AND OTHER CANDIDATES FOR THE POST OF MINISTER OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN PUBLIC OPINION (SEPTEMBER 1911)
Abstract. In September 1911, after the death of P.A. Stolypin, 54-year-old Alexander Alexandrovich Makarov became the new Minister of Internal Affairs. He was to take an active part in the attempt of the new government to establish relations with the parliament. In addition, elections to the State Duma were to be held in the approaching 1912, and their successful holding was also one of the tasks assigned to the new Minister of Internal Affairs. The tense domestic political situation demanded from Makarov not only a firm will and consistent actions, but also a certain political dexterity. In this situation, the image of the new Minister of Internal Affairs in public opinion was of particular importance, namely, what kind of reputation A.A. Makarov had in socio-political circles. In this regard, of particular interest is the story of Makarov’s appointment to one of the key posts in the empire, accompanied by various publications in the press, assumptions and rumors, as well as reflected in the pages of memoirs of contemporaries.
PIERRE CROSAT (1665-1740). FINE ARTIST, PATRONS AND COLLECTOR
Abstract. The artistic environment of Paris at the end of the 17th-18th centuries included not only masters of various specializations, but also people who, not practicing art, were interested in them. We are talking about theorists, critics, patrons and collectors. One of the most significant figures was the financier Pierre Crozat, who patronized the artists, collected a large-scale collection of works of art, and organized regular meetings of connoisseurs in his house. The purpose of the article is to analyze all the diverse activities of Crozat and its significance for the Parisian cultural environment of the 18th century. The patron’s relations with French and foreign masters, the composition and quality of his collection, and his social initiatives will be considered. The relevance of the study is determined by the absence in Russian historiography of detailed works dedicated to Pierre Crozat, despite the fact that his collection of paintings was bought by Catherine II in 1772 and is kept in the State Hermitage Museum. The study is based on French-language scientific literature and authentic sources, such as the catalog of drawings from the Crozat collection, compiled by P.-J. Mariette in 1741, the diaries of the Italian artist Rosalba Carriere, the memoirs of E.-F. Gersin and the works of Comte de Quelus. Some of these sources have been translated into Russian, others the author has read in the original. Visual material is also involved: architectural plans, maps, paintings by masters of the period under consideration.
DETERMINANTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC PRESCHOOL EDUCATION IN KARELIA (LATE 10S-30S OF THE XX CENTURY)
Abstract. The article presents the results of studying the determinants of the development of public preschool education in Karelia in the 10-20s of the 20th century. The purpose of the study was to identify and describe the factors influencing the origin, formation and development of public preschool education. The following methods were used to obtain data: a frontal study of the archival funds of the National Archives of the Republic of Karelia, analysis, comparison and generalization of archival and published sources. Research results. The macro and mesofactors that determined the development of preschool education in Karelia are singled out. The first group consisted of social relations characteristic of the agrarian type of society, state policy measures in relation to the developing institution of preschool education, as well as attitudes expressing the interests of the state in the field of raising preschool children and the social roles of Soviet women. Mesofactors are factors specific to Karelia that have arisen in the process of development of the region, such as literacy of the population, traditions of family upbringing of preschool children, content of labor socialization of children in peasant families. It has been established that mesofactors hindered the development of public preschool education in Karelia, determined the asynchrony of its development in various areas. The results of the study can be used to analyze the current problems of preschool education in the region.
UKRAINIAN ORGANIZATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN SOCIAL-POLITICAL LIFE ON THE EVE OF THE FIRST RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF 1905–1907
Abstract This article is devoted to the problem of the Ukrainian nationalism formation on the territory of the Russian empire at the turn of the XIX –XX centuries. On the basis of archival materials of the Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire the author analyses the activities of the first Ukrainian political parties in the eve of the First Russian revolution of 1905-1907 and studied the cause and historical context of their emergence. The question is raised about the origin of the ideology and activity of the Ukrainian nationalists. The article also focused on the number of members, social origin and social base of the Ukrainian movement. The author seeks to understand the role of Ukrainian organizations in the Russian social-political life and their attitude to Russia.
Tuarmenskiy A.V., Tuarmenskiy V.V.
MIKHAIL IVANOVITCH VENYUKOV: BETWEEN EAST AND WEST
Abstract. The relevance of the article is due to the need to analyze historical sources obtained as a result of geographical research in the second half of the 19th century. Purpose: to determine the relationship between the eastern and western vectors of scientific research by the Russian traveler M. I. Venyukov. Methods: the historical approach allowed us to consider the formation of M.I. Venyukov as a multifaceted scientist in the process of many years of research activity. An integrated approach contributed to attracting the maximum number of scientific sources from related fields of knowledge, which made it possible to fully appreciate the scientist’s contribution to the development of domestic science in the 19th century. Results: based on the analysis of historical material, as well as the works of representatives of related fields of natural science, social and humanitarian knowledge, it was found that the contribution of M.I. Venyukov in the study of Siberia, Central Asia and the Far East was significant and necessary for the progressive development of Russia. The article deals with the western and eastern vectors that are combined in the scientific activities of a geographer and a traveler. In the modern foreign policy context and in connection with the anniversary date, Mikhail Ivanovich is often mentioned among the people who set the course to the East for our country. However, it is relatively rarely mentioned that, as a scientist and prominent public figure, he was influenced by the Western macro-region and repeatedly included various issues related to the West in the scope of his scientific interests. At the same time, it is noted that throughout his unconditionally active scientific work and public life, M.I. Venyukov remained a devoted fighter for the development of Russia, who tirelessly defended the state and public good of his country. Scientific novelty: for the first time, the Western vector of M.I. Venyukov. Practical significance: the main provisions and conclusions of the article can be used when considering issues related to the geopolitical development of Russia in the second half of the 19th century.
SECTION II. COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN PERSON AND SOCIETY
Kasimanova L.A., Liu Jiaxin
MUSICAL TRAINING OF BALLROOM DANCE TEACHERS
Abstract. Unlike teachers-choreographers, who conduct classes accompanied by an accompanist, only a phonogram can be used in ballroom dance lessons. Consequently, for each meeting with students, the ballroom dance teacher will have to analyze, identify, collect musical material, correlating it with the educational and methodological plan for mastering the program. In acquiring the necessary professional skills, future ballroom dance teachers must master the discipline “Fundamentals of Music Theory”.
Biryukova E.V., Berkasova L.V., Gornov V.A., Ivanov E.S., Pribylov A.Yu.
COGNITIVE ROUTES IN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AS THE OPTIMAL MEANS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PRACTICAL NATURAL SCIENCE TRAINING OF STUDENTS
Abstract. Modern educational standards of natural science education provide for the strengthening of the formation of practical skills among pupils and students. Cognitive routes in the natural environment can be the best way to implement the practical training of students. On the territory of the Solotchinsky Natural Park near the city of Ryazan, there are a number of cultural, recreational and educational routes under the general name “Paustovsky Trail”. Routes connected with the life and work of the famous naturalist writer and his close friends A.P. Gaidar and R.I. Fraerman, are laid in natural complexes slightly disturbed by human activity. They are actively used in the educational process of the Ryazan State University named after S.A. Yesenin, as well as a number of secondary schools in the city of Ryazan and the Ryazan region. Teachers and researchers of the Institute of Natural Sciences of the Russian State University named after S.A. Yesenin developed excursions and practical exercises included in the ongoing courses in the areas of training “Geography”, “Ecology”, “Pedagogical education (biology and geography)”.
Kasimanova L.A. Yu Hanxi
PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT OF LESSONS OF WESTERN EUROPEAN CLASSICAL THAI IN CHINA
Abstract: The methodology of teaching Western European classical dance has its own characteristics, including one of them is the requirement for the organization of the educational process, namely, conducting lessons to the accompaniment of the accompanist-pianist. The article raises the issues of the need for musical accompaniment of lessons of Western European classical dance on the piano. The accompaniment of the accompanist-pianist at the initial stage helps students to master the basics of Western European classical dance, making the learning process more convenient and understandable. And in the process of improving the performing dance skills, it helps a more technically complex and emotional performance.
Kechil D.I., Gorobets T.N.
SOCIAL REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF A PSYCHOLOGIST
Abstract. The article outlines the main directions of ideas of a social nature in the context of a holistic image of the social image of the world and social ideas about the profession of a psychologist among working psychologists and psychology students studying at the Faculty of Psychology. The article describes the results of the study, which reflect the revealed contradictions between the real content of the professional activity of a psychologist and their social representations among students of the Faculty of Psychology.
The study of relevant scientific literature has shown that at the present stage, social ideas about the profession of a psychologist have distinctive features, including from the subjects of professional activity of psychologists and future subjects of professional activity of students-psychologists.
The article presents the opinions of scientists of the national school on social representations – K.A. Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, A.I. Dontsova, T.P. Zinchenko, A.I. Nazarova, A.N. Slavic and foreign scientific school – S. Moskovichi, V. Duaz, G. Tezhfel. The article reflects social ideas about professional activity and subjective ideas about it in the scientific works of B.G. Anan’eva, E.A. Klimov and his students.
The results of the study showed differences in social perceptions of the professional activities of a psychologist in a fairly significant relation to professional activities. It was revealed that working psychologists-practitioners consider it necessary to carry out educational work, and students-psychologists consider it insignificant. The second difference is the importance of acquiring knowledge by future psychologists in the disciplines of labor psychology, psychology of professional activity and social psychology among practicing psychologists in the first place, unlike students-psychologists. The third identified difference in social perceptions of responsibility: psychologists-practitioners are unanimous in their opinion that social responsibility is obligatory in the performance of their professional activities, in contrast to psychology students, who demonstrated a very diffuse social perception of this. All other studied ideas about the profession did not give any differences. Recommendations were developed for the teaching staff on the inclusion in the teaching of disciplines of the vectors of formation of specific social ideas about the profession of a psychologist, corresponding to the passport of a psychological specialty.
TYPES OF PROFESSIONAL CREATIVE THINKING: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Abstract. The article analyzes the approaches of factorial (faceted) and multiple studies of professional creative thinking, and presents the advantages of a structural-dynamic approach that allows overcoming the disadvantages of factorial and multiple studies of professional creative thinking. The principles of distinguishing the types of professional creative thinking are considered: structurality, dynamics of development, binary. The characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of 40 types of professional creative thinking are presented: altruistic, egoistic, healing, destructive, critical, uncritical, exciting, relaxing, emotional, emotionless, positive, negative, moral, vicious, logical, intuitive, aggressive, peaceful, conformist, nonconformist, individual, group, dialectical, metaphysical, rejuvenating, aging, physically activating, physically relaxing, dominant, submissive, visual, auditory, kinesthetic, discrete, virtual, real, realistic, mystical, complex, simple. According to the binary principle, we combine 40 types of professional creative thinking into 20 groups (scales): altruistic-egoistic; healing-destructive; critical-uncritical; exciting-relaxing; emotional-emotionless; positive-negative; moral-vicious; logical-intuitive; aggressive-peaceful; conformist-nonconformist; individual-group; dialectical-metaphysical; rejuvenating-aging; physically activating-physically relaxing; dominant-subordinate; visual-auditory; kinesthetic-discrete; virtual-real; realistic-mystical; complex-simple. The groups identified by us can be used when developing methods for studying the degree of expression of the components of professional creative thinking, building a profile of professional creative thinking, when creating an individual route for the development of professional creative thinking.
DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE AS A FACTOR INFLUENCING THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF FUTURE TEACHERS
Abstract. The article substantiates the relevance of using the digital educational space for the formation of professional and communicative competence of future teachers. The importance of training future teachers from the position of changing the orientation from traditional teaching technologies to educational technologies using digitalization tools is emphasized. The trends of digital processes, which become elements inherent in modern society, are studied. All these processes lead to significant transformations in pedagogy, which implies the introduction of appropriate changes in the educational system.
The scientific views of foreign and domestic scientists regarding digitalization and its place in the educational space are analyzed. A set of measures is proposed to promote the formation of the necessary competencies in future teachers through the use of information resources. The results of the introduction of digital educational space tools into the education system of the Bryansk region and the prospects for their use for the training of future teachers are considered. The importance of the formation of professional and communicative competence of future teachers by means of digitalization is substantiated in order to achieve the highest indicators of the quality of education using the latest information technologies. To achieve such results, future teachers need a proper level of mastery in mastering the acquired competencies, which will be a kind of vector for continuous improvement in the field of pedagogy.
Kuleshova L.N., Agapov V.S.
DYNAMICS OF CONCEPTS ABOUT THE MORAL DEVELOPMENT OF A PERSON IN RUSSIAN PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION
Abstract. The study of the features of the moral development of the individual in the domestic psychology of education, which is a section of pedagogical psychology that studies the patterns of active, purposeful formation of the personality, is of great importance. The modern period is marked by significant achievements in many spheres of life. However, there are crisis phenomena in the development of society, interethnic conflicts, wars. Psychological danger is represented by defects in the moral sphere associated with a lack of spirituality and the alienation of a number of individuals from the values of culture. Therefore, the study of the dynamics and transformation of ideas about the moral development of the individual in connection with the solution of the problems of preserving and reproducing the values of national culture and science is of particular relevance. The originality of the domestic psychology of education is manifested in the fact that its formation is associated with the study of ideas about the moral development of the individual in the learning process. Unlike foreign science, the main attention in the domestic psychology of upbringing is paid not to cognitive, but to the motivational and needful foundations of moral behavior, which contributes to understanding the real behavior of children and adolescents, their activities and relationships with adults and peers. These approaches were clearly manifested at the stages of the scientific development of psychology and are further developed in the modern period. The psychology of education, emerging from the depths of human knowledge, again turns to its sources, becomes open to knowledge about the moral development of children and adolescents. In this regard, we trace trends in the dynamics and transformation of ideas about the moral development of the individual in the domestic psychology of education in the nineteenth and twenty-first centuries.
PROPADEUTICS OF ELECTRICAL SIMULATION OF TRANSIENT PROCESSES
Abstract. The article discusses the methodological solution of the relationship between the disciplines of Physics and Electrical Engineering. The results of the study with students of the training direction 13.03.02 – Electric Power and Electrical Engineering, focus (profile): Power Supply to study the relationship between the disciplines of Electrical Engineering and Physics are presented. In the process of work, the research hypothesis was tested: the methodology for conducting classes on the formation of systemic knowledge of physical theories using the knowledge of methods of cognitive activity, expressing the relationship between the empirical and theoretical level of knowledge, will prepare students for the effective mastery of methods for calculating transient and steady processes in linear and non-linear electrical circuits in Electrical Engineering. The purpose of the study: to evaluate the effectiveness of the study of Electrical Engineering based on systemic knowledge of physical theories was implemented using empirical and theoretical methods. The use of ideas about physical theory as a system of scientific knowledge of a certain structure served as the basis for the propaedeutic of electrical modeling of transient processes used in Electrical Engineering. In the course of the study, we found that the methodology for conducting classes on the formation of systemic knowledge of physical theories using the knowledge of methods of cognitive activity, expressing the relationship between the empirical and theoretical level of knowledge, allows students to prepare students for the effective mastery of methods for calculating transient and steady processes in linear and nonlinear electrical circuits in Electrical Engineering.
A methodical approach to the formation of cognitive actions in solving physical problems based on the demonstration of the continuity of physics and technical disciplines can be used by teachers of secondary vocational schools, as well as teachers of universities.
Polushina E.G., Kapranova M.V.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM AND ANALYSIS OF PROFESSIONAL MOBILITY OF THE TEACHER OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION
Abstract. The article presents a conceptual analysis of the term “professional mobility”, which made it possible to identify not only the commonality in the concepts used by the authors, but also to see the problem expressed in the existing disagreements related to the main subject of the study. Integral units of this phenomenon were singled out and a working definition of professional mobility of a teacher of additional education was formulated. This paper presents the main components of professional mobility of teachers and teachers of additional education and reveals the relationship between their structural units. A comparative analysis of the content of the labor actions of a teacher and a teacher of additional education was made. In the empirical part of the study, a biographical survey was conducted, which made it possible to obtain grounds for identifying specialists with high and low rates of professional mobility in each of the control groups. Further analysis touched upon the assessment of the manifestation of professional mobility and its relationship with the readiness for self-improvement and the development of innovations in the profession, as well as success in solving new professional tasks.
Rostovskaya T.K., Bedrina E.B.
THE DOCTRINE OF POPULATIONISM IN DEMOGRAPHIC SCIENCE
Abstract. The article considers the issues of development doctrine of populationism, which was formed on the basis of the pro-natal policy back in Ancient Rome, as a response to demographic challenges. The purpose of the article is to identify the stages of the formation of populationism based on the photographic method. An analysis of the works of utopian socialists, representatives of political arithmetic and political economy on demographic topics in comparison with specific historical conditions demonstrates the importance of population and its regulation for the state system. The study also shows the evolution of the object of study of demography and the beginning of the development of methods of demographic science, the formation of its categorical apparatus. It is noted that throughout a long historical process, both demographic science and state policy were built on the basis of the doctrine of populationism. Parts of the work reflect the stages of the formation and development of populationism. The instrument demographic science, which arose on the basis of the analysis and improvement of the population mortality tables, are analyzed in detail. It is concluded that the extraordinary popularity of populationism, which has taken place over a long historical period, was dictated by objective historical conditions.
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR TRANSFORMATION OF THE VALUE AND MEANING SPHERE OF EMPLOYEES OF AN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF DIGITALIZATION
Abstract. The article presents the experience of developing methodological support for the psychological support of the transformation of the value-semantic sphere of employees of an educational organization in the conditions of digitalization. The authors note that, despite the “successful” digitalization of most modern Russian universities, there are numerous problems and difficulties in increasing its effectiveness, including in the direction of transformation of the value-semantic sphere of employees of an educational organization. Both the general directions and the content content of the university’s policy in the field of digital transformation are considered. During the formative experiment, the effectiveness of the developed and implemented internal training program for university employees “Digitalization of the university: problems, prospects and employee competencies” was confirmed.
CREATIVITY AS AN INTELLECTUAL RESOURCE OF INNOVATIVE THINKING (THE TRANSLATION CASE, IN TERMS OF DIDACTICS)
Abstract. The relevance and novelty of the subject of translation creativity in terms of the human capital paradigm seen as a basic resource and potential for the development of intellectual skills of innovative thinking is presented. The objectives of the study and its theoretical and applied significance in procedural and didactic aspects are described. The chosen methodology and empirical concept of critical analysis of illustrative cases are substantiated. The result is a reflective method of initiating non-standard translation solutions with the prospect of researching the interpretative mechanisms of the conscious control of creative intuition.
Zhai Weili, Kornoukhov M.D.
PRINCIPLES OF REPERTOIRE STRATEGY IN THE VOCAL CLASS OF UNIVERSITIES IN MODERN CHINA
Abstract. The article briefly analyzes the problem of the effectiveness of the choice of vocal repertoire, as well as some negative aspects encountered in the practice of the educational process of Chinese universities. This process should be based on the real educational situation and the specific student, the complex of his professional and personal qualities, psychological and physiological characteristics, educational and cultural level. The author defines the principles of the repertoire strategy in vocal teaching at the university level in modern China, including the choice of a work according to tessitural characteristics and type of voice, compliance with the cultural level of students, conditionality of their singing, artistic-imaginative and artistic abilities. As well as the diversification of the vocal repertoire and its educational significance in the educational process and the professional development of a specialist in this field. Multilevel diversification of the vocal repertoire involves multiple gradations not only in terms of complexity and type of voices, but also a variety of genres, musical forms, historical styles, national composing schools, folklore attributes. The search for new forms, genres, styles, building an optimal balance of various components of each student’s individual vocal repertoire – this is the strategy of vocal training at the university, aimed at the complex and harmonious development of each student. While maintaining the key role of teachers in the choice of musical works, the subjectivity of the student, his motivation and other personal factors significantly increase. It is emphasized that this process should be as individualized as possible and is aimed not only at identifying singing technologies that need to be solved, but also at many other issues related to the stylistics and artistic interpretation of works.
Yanysheva V.A., Dontsov D.A.
PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF PERSONALITY EGO STATES IN THE CONTEXT OF AUTO-ORDINATING DIRECTION IN PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY Part 2 (end, start at No. 1, 2023)
Abstract. In the content-semantic context of the sphere of psychological counseling and the field of non-clinical psychotherapy, this article substantively presents the author’s scientific and practical approach of V.A. Yanysheva: auto-coordination psychology and auto-coordination psychotherapy of the personality psyche, carried out by means of a natural-psychic psychotherapeutic method.
In this article, the author’s psychological diagnostic technique of V.A. Yanysheva “Diagnosis of personality ego-states in the auto-coordination approach”, dedicated to the non-classical, in comparison with E. Burne’s transactional analysis, understanding and definition of such personality ego-states, distinguished in the author’s scientific and practical direction by V.A. Yanysheva “auto-coordination psychology and auto-coordination psychotherapy”, as: controlling parent; custodial parent; adult; natural child; capricious, offended, rebellious child; adaptive child.
This development is intended for: a) undergraduate, specialist, master’s, postgraduate, professional retraining and advanced training students of all psychological specialties and areas of training; b) professional psychologists, – psychologists-consultants, psychologists-psychotherapists, psychologists-psychodiagnostic, teachers of practice-oriented psychological disciplines, research psychologists, developmental psychologists, clinical psychologists, as well as social, service, military, managerial, transport, sports, penitentiary, extreme psychologists and other specialists in the field of practical psychology, producing non-medical psychotherapy and carrying out general psychological diagnostics.
SECTION III. EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-REALIZATION OF THE SUBJECT OF LABOR AND LIFE STRATEGY
Azarova M.A., Ivantsov O.V.
INFLUENCE OF THE CHARACTER OF INTERACTION OF SPOUSES IN A CONFLICT SITUATION ON SATISFACTION WITH MARRIAGE
Abstract. This article presents a study of the influence of the nature of the interaction of spouses in a conflict situation on satisfaction with marriage. The following methods were used in the study: “Marriage Satisfaction Test Questionnaire”, “Character of Interaction of Spouses in a Conflict Situation”, “Family Life Satisfaction Questionnaire”. The study involved 60 women and 30 married men. The study was carried out on the basis of the Comprehensive Center for Social Services and Rehabilitation “Podolsky”. The age of the respondents is from 20 to 70 years. During the study, data were obtained from respondents from families with different levels of satisfaction with marriage, with different family experience, age, birth order and the presence or absence of children. Information was obtained about the subjective feeling of happiness, about traditions in the family, correlations were analyzed between the level of satisfaction with marriage and the frequency of quarrels, between the nature of interaction in a conflict situation and satisfaction with marriage. In the course of the study, it was possible to prove the initial hypothesis, which is that the nature of the interaction of spouses in a conflict situation affects marital satisfaction.
Gaidamashko I.V., Babichev I.V.
PROFESSIONALLY IMPORTANT QUALITIES A SPORTS PSYCHOLOGIST WORKING IN CHILDREN’S AND YOUTH SPORTS
Abstract. The main purpose of the study was to determine the main professionally important qualities of a sports psychologist who provides psychological support in the organization of children’s and youth sports. The core of professionally important qualities of a sports psychologist included acmeological invariants of professionalism: productive Self-concept, reflection, intelligence. In addition, the following are highlighted: a high level of professional knowledge, sports competence, communicative qualities, organizational abilities, self-regulation of mental states and activities. Their essential characteristics are revealed.
Gumnitskaya A.S., Markina N.V., Gumnitsky M.E.
VALUE AND SENSITIVE ATTITUDES AND PECULIARITIES OF BEHAVIOR OF SALES MANAGERS
Abstract. The modern labor market is saturated with specialists of different levels, but at the same time, it is difficult to find someone who is ready to stay in the company and work out the tasks assigned to him in a quality manner. For companies, it becomes important to select employees who would be as effective as possible in their workplace and, at the same time, quickly adapt to it. One of the positions of the effectiveness of the organization and its employee is customer orientation. The presented study reveals the understanding of the interaction between a sales manager working “on the incoming flow of customers” and a client as a team work to achieve the client’s goals. The study was carried out with the participation of 39 women aged 24 to 45 years (mean age 31 years) working as sales managers for the incoming customer flow. The emphasis in the study is on identifying the features of value and semantic attitudes, existential fulfillment, strategies for behavior in conflict situations and the role repertoire of sales managers working “on the incoming stream of customers”. It was revealed that among sales managers in the role repertoire of team interaction with the client, the preference for the roles of “harmonizer” and “implementer” dominates. The interrelation of value-semantic attitudes, features of behavior and subjective feeling of existential fulfillment of managers with preferred roles in the team interaction “sales manager – client” is shown. The data obtained will make it possible to predict the behavior of a new employee accepted into the company for the position of sales manager, depending on his characteristics presented in this article.
Erofeeva M.A., Kharlamova D.A., Zhokov D.V.
DESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR OF MINORS AS CAUSE AND EFFECT RELATIONSHIP OF THEIR CRIMINALIZATION
Abstract. In the article, the authors consider the aspect of the influence of destructive groups on minors. The scientific literature is analyzed. The types of adolescent subcultures are identified, as well as external (social disadvantage of the family; conflict situation in the family; violation of communication of the interaction of a minor with peers, in connection with which there is a primary form of maladaptation and deviation, etc.) and internal factors (low self-esteem of a minor; suggestibility; immaturity; a certain need for a minor to be in a significant group for him; feelings of social injustice, etc.), which may contribute to the involvement of a minor in destructive groups. It is schematically presented how the destructive behavior of minors in relation to themselves, as well as to others and the external environment manifests itself. The complex preventive work with the participation of parents of minors, social educators of educational institutions, psychologists and law enforcement agencies in this problem is analyzed. The types of destructive behavior are highlighted, namely delinquent and deviant behavior. One of the most widespread and dangerous criminal subcultures of teenagers – “Convict criminal unity” (hereinafter AUE), as well as criminal liability is considered. The factors that prevent the emergence of destructive behavior in adolescents are highlighted: the presence of spiritual, moral and moral-ethical criteria in thinking; the expression of a sense of duty, obligation, responsibility; consideration of public opinion, avoidance of condemnation from others, etc.