SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL
NIKOLAY DMITRIEVICH KUIMOV IN THE HISTORY OF RUSSIA’S AVIATION
Abstract. The article is devoted to the outstanding professional, Hero of Russia, Merited Test Pilot, chief pilot of PAO “IL”, candidate of technical sciences Nikolay Dmitrievich Kuimov, his significant contribution to the development of aviation in Russia. Based on the biographical method (analysis of official documents and memoirs of the close environment), the achievements of N.D. Kuimov in Russia’s aviation were updated. The article is revealed his difficult path to the profession of test pilot as a way to overcome difficulties and achieve high recognition in aviation. As a result of the study, it was established N.D. Kuimov was a talented and universal test pilot, leader, researcher, educator, historian of aviation. In addition, he had a high level of culture, he read a lot and understood the classics of literature and art. This contributed to his professional, spiritual and moral self-development. N.D. Kuimov had a subtle sense of humor and was able to make an appropriate joke in a tense situation. The conclusion is formulated that the life and professional path of N.D. Kuimov will serve as a model in the education of future generations of aviators, patriots of Russia.
ARTIST AND CUSTOMER IN EUROPE OF THE 18TH CENTURY: ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE LANDSCAPE PAINTER JOSEPH VERNET (1714-1789)
Abstract. The theme of the interaction between the artist and the customer is very relevant for the study of art of the XVIII century. The emergence of museums and public exhibitions, as well as the art criticism associated with them, led to the fact that the social composition of the customers expanded to a large extent, and their preparedness in the field of painting increased. Many customers now want to have original works, and not copies or the fruits of the work of the workshop. The self-awareness of the artist, who is very concerned about the problem of realizing his own talent and personal fame, has also changed compared to previous centuries. The painter is actively looking for customers not only at home, but also abroad, not only in the circles of the aristocracy, but also among interested representatives of less noble classes.
The case of Joseph Vernet provides the researcher with a unique opportunity to penetrate the world of an 18th-century artist through a large number of surviving documents. Of particular value are the master’s notebooks, which he kept throughout his life, starting from 1735, and in which he records information about all the works commissioned to him. The details of the royal order are revealed in the master’s correspondence with the director of the royal buildings, the Marquis de Marigny, and in a special program for the artist compiled by this nobleman.
The result of this study should be not only the replenishment of information about the life and work of Joseph Vernet, undoubtedly an outstanding landscape painter of his time, but also the identification of the characteristic features of a new socio-cultural environment in which the artist and the customer had to interact.
PRINCE MIKHAIL VASILIEVICH SKOPIN-SHUISKY. THE LAST OF THE RURIKOVICHES, CROWNED TO THE KINGDOM IN THE HEARTS OF THE PEOPLE
Abstract. The article describes the main stages in the life of the outstanding Russian commander of the early 17th century, Prince Mikhail Vasilievich Skopin-Shuisky. His leadership talent was revealed in one of the most dramatic periods in Russian history – the Time of Troubles, when, due to internal political turmoil and foreign intervention, Russia found itself on the brink of an abyss with the prospect of actual collapse and loss of sovereignty.
Prince Mikhail Skopin-Shuisky was one of those who did not allow the country to fall into the abyss. He was destined to be one of the most prominent Russian commanders of the Time of Troubles. The victories of M. Skopin-Shuisky are comparable to the victories of Dmitry Donskoy and Alexander Nevsky. But, unlike them, his merits did not receive wide coverage.
The military career of the prince was short, but bright and eventful. It began in the autumn of 1606 and ended with the death of the commander in the spring of 1610 – only four incomplete years. But these were years of continuous victories. Moreover, victories won in an extremely difficult situation, sometimes bordering on a national catastrophe. And every time, it was the labors of the young prince Skopin-Shuisky who managed to postpone this catastrophe.
At the same time, M. Skopin-Shuisky himself, when he achieved victories, was only 21-23 years old. He started winning at the age of 22, and at 23 he won his most significant victories. And at this age, Mikhail Vasilievich Skopin-Shuisky rightfully earned the reputation of an outstanding Russian commander of the early 17th century. The most figurative phenomenon of M. Skopin-Shuisky reflected the outstanding Russian historian S.M. Solovyov, according to whom, the 23-year-old governor, by the will of fate, became a point of attraction for people’s hope. Russian society suffered from the absence of a point of support, from the absence of a person to whom one could become attached, around whom one could concentrate; such a person was, finally, Prince Skopin.
The military labors of Prince Mikhail Vasilyevich Skopin-Shuisky, his military leadership, managed to suppress the armed rebellion of 1606-1607, push back the Polish invaders from the center of the country and liberate the Trinity-Sergius Lavra and Moscow from the blockade. During his lifetime, he was called the savior of the Fatherland and they saw him as a sovereign capable of leading the country out of the crisis. M. Skopin-Shuisky could bring many more benefits to the Fatherland. But this was prevented by envy, lust for power and poisoned wine. Nevertheless, the feat of Prince Mikhail Vasilyevich Skopin-Shuisky remained forever in the people’s memory, making him a national hero.
POSITIONS OF THE USA AND FRANCE REGARDING THE ALGERIA-MOROCCA ARMED CONFLICT (OCTOBER 8-30, 1963)
Abstract. This article discusses the positions of the United States and France regarding the Algerian-Moroccan border conflict that broke out in October 1963. After gaining independence, many countries of the African continent were drawn into territorial conflicts. These disputes are mainly the result of their colonial past, when state borders were not officially demarcated. The conflict between Algeria and Morocco is interesting because from the first minutes it attracted the attention of Western countries, which, in the conditions of the Cold War, considered the Maghreb as one of the arenas for the struggle of two blocs – Western and Eastern. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that the conflict of 1963 became a prerequisite for the current tense situation associated with the disputed status of the territories of Western Sahara and control over them. The scientific novelty of the chosen topic is due to the lack of works on this topic in Russian historiography. The source base on the topic is represented by public statements of the Algerian and Moroccan governments, US and French foreign policy documents, reports of the US Central Intelligence Agency, as well as press materials during the period under review.
Delvig N.A., Shekhovskaya N.L.
LATE 18TH – EARLY 20TH CENTURY NATIONAL MILITARY PEDAGOGICAL TRENDS FORMATION
Abstract. The present article touches upon the main reasons and consequences analysis in the process of military pedagogical trends formation in the late 18th – early 20th century. The authors prove the fact that the military pedagogical trends main content in the chronological period designated above is directly related to the ideological component. The trends represented in the article are described as an inevitable public process, determined by the social needs in terms of its development, which is based on the author’s understanding of the term “trends” itself, interpreted as a human activity development tendency in certain historical conditions. The authors of the article refer to the set of methods for identifying the most significant educational trends that in the future influenced the military pedagogical science development in general as well as describing them as the existing ones in the period of late 18th – early 20th centuries. The readers’ particular attention is drawn to both the analysis and historical and pedagogical assessment of social, economic and political factors, as well as to the views of the ruling elite. Taking into consideration the interdisciplinary specifics of the domestic military pedagogical formation and development trends researched in the pre-revolutionary period, in this article the authors refer to a multidisciplinary approach, relying on the principles and methods of various scientific branches such as history, philosophy, sociology, psychology, pedagogy, cultural anthropology and military science. The position stated by the authors is based both on the archival sources analysis and synthesis alongside with military publicist literature of the described period, which makes it possible to represent scientifically verified factual information on the issue researched in the present article.
“FROM SOVDEPSIA TO UKRAINE”: THE ESCAPE OF THE FORMER PALACE COMMANDANT V. N. VOEIKOV IN 1918 (TO THE HISTORY OF POST-REVOLUTIONARY EMIGRATION)
Abstract. For the first time in Russian historiography, the article analyzes the ways and means of migration of the state, political and court elite from Russia to Ukraine in 1918 on the example of the escape of the former palace commandant of Emperor Nicholas II, General V.N. Voeikov. A comparison is made with similar shoots of the representative of the Romanov dynasty, Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, as well as political figures A.A. Goldenweiser and M.M. Vinaver. The main source of the study is the memoirs of emigrants, the objectivity of the testimonies of which is substantiated by a comparative analysis of their information. Through the methodological prism of historical anthropology and the history of everyday life, the conditions of life and life of forced migrants are reconstructed. At the same time, special attention is paid not only to the external, eventful side of the migration of elites, but also to the internal, reflexive, to how the exiles themselves perceived their mass exodus from the country. The author comes to the conclusion about the existence of a “migration route” to Ukraine, passing along the Petrograd-Vitebsk railway. Among the reasons for the emigration of representatives of the imperial elite were both objective (famine in Petrograd, persecution by the Bolsheviks) and subjective (personal rejection of the new system) reasons.
THE IMAGE OF ALEXANDER I ON THE PAGES OF THE NEWSPAPER “ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG”
Abstract. Alexander I – the brilliant winner of Napoleon, peacemaker and triumphant – in the mid-1810s. won the hearts of the general European public. Sympathy for him, among other things, was reflected in the press, which sought to capture every step of the monarch. However, his gradual departure from liberal to moderate political positions naturally prompted adjustments in the assessment of his image. The article examines the question of how the Russian emperor appeared in the coverage of the well-known German newspaper “Allgemeine Zeitung” over the course of a decade – from the establishment of the Vienna system to his death and the time of reaction to it – and whether his image changed on the pages of the newspaper.
EMPRESS DOWAGER CIXI AND THE BOXER REBELLION IN CHINA ACCORDING TO RUSSIAN PRESS
Abstract. The article deals with Russian periodicals and examines the role of Empress Dowager Cixi in Chinese Boxer rebellion, which had its peak in May–August 1900. The lack of reliable information from China due to the disruption of telegraph communications was compensated by the publication of various materials, including rumors, from the foreign press. Russian historiography has paid attention to Russian press coverage of the Boxer rebellion in the context of Russian-Chinese relations and the fate of the Chinese civilization in the early twentieth century. However, the key figure of those events, Empress Dowager Cixi, who was considered as the actual ruler of the Qing Empire, has remained on the periphery of research. The conclusion is made that readers of the Russian press were regularly informed about the actions and political decisions of the Empress Dowager, including her support of the rebels and the announcement of war to the foreign powers that had made a landing in the empire. However, these publications do not negatively assess her activity, strong-willed qualities and desire to preserve the integrity of the empire.
ACTIVITIES OF THE MOSCOW CITY DUMA TO REFORM PUBLIC EDUCATION AND ENLIGHTENMENT IN 1863-1869
Abstract. The article is devoted to the problems of improving the urban system of primary and secondary education in Moscow in the 1860s. For the first time this question was raised by the first elected Moscow City Duma in 1863-1869. Among the achievements of this period, we should highlight: the organization of the first women’s schools, the establishment of numerous scholarships, the solution of the issue of allocating funds for the functioning of the Arnold School for the Deaf and Dumb, the opening of museums, etc. All this was available not only to privileged strata, but to every resident of Moscow. A great merit in achieving many of the tasks set in this field belongs to the Moscow mayor A.A. Shcherbatov, who was sympathetic to the lower classes, thanks to his upbringing and experience of interaction. He personally controlled part of the tasks solved by the Duma; was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Moscow Commercial School and was appointed head of the Board of Trustees of the Moscow Meshchansky School.
POLITICAL STRUGGLE IN THE AGE OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES IN THE LIGHT OF ENGLISH PARLIAMENTARY LEGISLATION
Abstract. This article discusses the events of the Wars of the Roses from the point of view of their coverage in the legislation of the English Parliament. The main source is the parliamentary statutes, which reflect the events of the dynastic conflict of 1455-1485 and the royal policy of this period. The confrontation between the Yorks and the Lancasters is extremely heterogeneously covered in legislative acts, the documents of the Lancastrian parliaments have not been preserved in full, their policy has to be judged largely on the basis of the actions of the hostile party. As regards the policy of the Yorkists, it actually falls into two stages: before and after 1467. At the first stage, first Richard, Duke of York, and then his son Edward IV, pursued a course of compromise, seeking to win over the supporters of the Lancasters through concessions and grants. After the conflict between Edward and the Earl of Warwick and the attempt to restore the Lancasters, changes in royal policy took place, expressed in the course of the maximum strengthening of royal power and a significant weakening of the role of parliament in politics. This course was largely continued by subsequent kings and found its highest expression in the absolutism of the Tudors.
THE CONCEPT OF “MILITARY MONARCHY” AND THE FOREIGN POLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE REIGN OF IVAN IV IN R. YU. VIPPER’S MONOGRAPH
Abstract. This article is devoted to the monograph “Ivan the Terrible” by the historian Robert Yuryevich Wipper. In the present study, there are two main current topics, which are reflected in detail in the titled version of Wipper’s work. The first theme is the concept of “people’s monarchy”; the second topic is the foreign policy context of the reign of Ivan IV. Both topics are relevant to the present, since, despite the fact that different editions of R. Yu. Wipper’s work were published from 1922 to 1945, references to this work of his and debatable responses to the researcher’s concepts appear in the works of specialists to this day. The journalistic sharpness of the monograph and the sharpness of the formulations of R.Yu. Vipper turned out to be a very good ground for the ongoing disputes about the nature of the Russian state in the interpretation of R.Yu. Wipper.
Rostovskaya T.K., Bedrina E.B.
THE GENESIS OF DEMOGRAPHIC CONCEPTS IN ANCIENT GREECE
Abstract. The article considers the issues of formation and development of demographic concepts in Ancient Greece based the histographic method. Comparison of the content of the scientific works of ancient Greek philosophers with specific historical conditions shows the importance of demography and demographic policy for the state structure of ancient Greek city-polises. The first part the article the authors defines the object of study of ancient demography – the population, consisting of citizens of city-states, and also describes its social and gender and age structure. The article notes the importance of accounting for the population. The second part the article the authors formulates the demographic concepts of the ancient Greek philosophers and their implementation within the framework of the demographic policy of the ancient Greek city-states. The instrument for conducting demographic policy and their use are analyzed in detail. A comparison is made of the features of the implementation of demographic concepts in the conditions of Athens and Lacedaemon (Sparta). It is concluded that in Ancient Greece demography already developed and existed as an independent science.
SECTION II. COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN PERSON AND SOCIETY
DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT VOLUNTEERING (VOLUNTEERING) IN THE SIBERIAN TERRITORIAL BODY OF THE FPS OF RUSSIA
Abstract. The subjects, forms and methods of supporting the infrastructure of volunteering (volunteering) in the Siberian territorial body of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia are presented, which contribute to the progressive coordination of the infrastructure of the volunteer (volunteer) movement. The methodological basis was the analysis of empirical material and the value-axiological principle of the study. Conclusion: the current stage of development of volunteering infrastructure support in the Siberian TO is multifaceted, including public, state, commercial, non-profit and other organizations, administrative departments of the regions, etc. It is characterized by a mixed vertical-horizontal level with a significant predominance of the latter and, accordingly, insufficient intradepartmental interaction of organizations, institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service (vertical level).
Galaganova S.G., Turusina T.V.
TECHNOLOGIES OF SOCIAL NETWORKS ANALYSIS TO IDENTIFY SOCIAL TRENDS
Abstract. One of the conditions for the effective management of modern society and its subsystems is the timely and accurate determination of social trends – stable trends and dominant directions of social dynamics. In the context of the digital transformation of society, social networks have become the main platform for social communications and, consequently, the collection of empirical data. However, the volume of information in social networks far exceeds the possibilities of its processing in the usual ways, creating a need for algorithmization and automation of this process. The authors of the article made an attempt to develop an analytical algorithm for the subsequent creation of an appropriate software product. The article considers the laws of value of a social network by D. Sarnoff, R. Metcalfe, D. Reed and J. Zipf, analyzes the properties of social networks presented in the form of social graphs, defines metrics that describe the strength of the influence of socio-psychological effects on the user of the network, the specifics of media texts in social networks are revealed, correlations between social effects and the formation of social media trends are derived. The results of the work can serve as a basis for developing a software product for automated processing of a corpus of media texts in social networks.
CAREER VALUES AS SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF DECISION-MAKING ON LABOR MIGRATION
Abstract. The problem of making a decision on labor migration may arise against the background of dissatisfaction with the socio-economic situation in the region of residence, the crisis of professional development. The decision on labor migration is based on the value-semantic sphere of the individual. The purpose of the study is to study the relationship between career anchors and migration activity, as well as mediation of this connection by migration intentions. The empirical study was implemented by the method of anonymous questioning (in person and online). The sample consisted of 418 people aged 20 to 56 years (SD=36) living in Russian cities (Smolensk, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Samara, Saratov, etc.). Methods: questionnaire “Career Anchors” (author E.G. Shane (adaptation by A.A. Zhdanovich)); questionnaire on the study of components of planned migration behavior, developed according to the methodology of the theory of planned behavior by A. Aizen (migration intentions and behavior for their implementation). As a result of structural equation modeling, it was shown that there are significant links between migration intentions and career anchors, as well as their indirect links with the behavior of implementing migration intentions. The revealed links between career anchors and migration activity, as well as mediation of these links by migration intentions: career anchors job stability, place of residence stability, integration of lifestyles, challenge and professionalism predict migration intentions, and intentions, in turn, predict behavior in the implementation of migration intentions. The findings can be used for psychological support of the decision-making process on labor migration.
MODEL OF PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS OF THE SUVOROV MILITARY SCHOOLS OF THE MIA OF RUSSIA AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF LEARNING
Abstract. The return of state attention to military-patriotic education, the professional definition of students as an aspect of the goal of the Suvorov military schools of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, as well as the subordinate nature of the educational process in them, which carries the risk of dehumanization, determines the interest of theory and practice in adequate pedagogical support for the socialization of pupils at the initial stage of education. The analysis of the special literature and the existing practice of organizing the educational process in the Suvorov military schools of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia made it possible to form the necessary theoretical potential for the development of an adequate pedagogical model. Further, the article describes the normative pedagogical model of pedagogical support through mentoring, which includes target, theoretical and methodological, managerial, technological and evaluative-effective interrelated structural blocks. An example is given of checking the effectiveness of the implementation of the proposed model on the basis of one of the schools through a pedagogical experiment, where the key criterion is to maintain a balance between the adaptation of older adolescents in a new environment for themselves and the possibility of self-realization and self-improvement. The model, developed on the basis of the humanitarian-anthropological approach, shows the possibility in practice to carry out the culturally appropriate socialization of pupils at the initial stage of education in educational institutions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
AREA-SOURCE AND AREA-TARGET OF A CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR AS CRITERIA FOR GROUPING PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN TEACHING AIDS
Abstract. The article discusses various methods of grouping units of figurative vocabulary in the preparation of textbooks and teaching aids for students studying English as a foreign language. The author makes an overview of scientific views on metaphor, ways of classifying figurative vocabulary, considers the problem of the lack of generally accepted principles for classifying such units in the scientific community. The author attaches special importance to the theory of conceptual metaphor. The author analyzes the methods of grouping figurative vocabulary in textbooks based on the structure of the conceptual metaphor: according to the source area and according to the target area, as well as the grouping method according to the two areas of the conceptual metaphor. The author comes to the conclusion that the first method is more suitable for chapters of textbooks on everyday subjects, while the second method is more effective for developing topics involving abstract concepts. The third method makes it possible to study cultural information, the carrier of which is a metaphor, although it makes it difficult to select textual educational material.
THE LEXICAL CATEGORY OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION IN THE ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES
Abstract. Words and phrases of evaluation take an important part in any languages, and they are characterized by frequency of usage. The prospect of studying such words and phrases in English and Russian is determined by the theoretical and practical needs related to the language learning. The subjects of the comparative studies are semantics and structural features of the emotive lexicon of the English and Russian languages taken from the works of Russian and English writers. In this article a set of linguistic methods was used such as componential analysis, the analysis of the dictionary entries and contextual analysis. The results can be used in the sphere of contrastive linguistics and lexicology.
DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIPLE-SELF CONCEPTS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Abstract. This paper presents a methodological study and description of the development of the concept of multiple-I and their current state in psychology. The main groups of multiple-I concepts are singled out. The main criterion for distinguishing different concepts is the author’s justification for the appearance of plurality and the mechanism that allows you to keep different I within a single system. The author comes to the conclusion that the main concepts of the multiple-I can be divided into four groups: hierarchical – where there is a single I-position that integrates others; motivational – in which I appear on the basis of different motives and are retained while focusing on a single motive; containment – in which the basis is the form itself, the shell, which creates a single system from various I-positions; and integrating – being collective from past groups. As a conclusion, the concept of the transition of I-positions from secondary to main ones is proposed, which can be the main way of existence of the multiple I.
SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF YOUNG AND “SILVER” VOLUNTEERS
Abstract. The relevance of the topic of the article is due to the need to study the differences in the value bases of representatives of different generations involved in volunteering, for the subsequent possibility of modeling new forms of volunteering management taking into account intergenerational characteristics. The purpose of this study is to study the socio-psychological characteristics of the values of volunteers of young and “silver” age. The article discusses theoretical approaches to the concept of terminal values, value orientations of volunteerism, volunteer activity. The object of the study were volunteers of young and “silver” age. The study involved 195 respondents (100 students aged 17 to 23; 95 people aged 55 and older). The study was conducted using the methodology “Questionnaire of terminal values by I.G. Senin to identify the terminal values of volunteers of different age groups (n = 195 people). As a result of the study, it was revealed that the value bases of volunteer activity among representatives of the two generations studied have both invariant characteristics and significant differences. The values of spiritual satisfaction and active social contacts prevail in the group of young volunteers. The values of spiritual satisfaction, active social contacts and achievements prevail in the group of “silver” volunteers.
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY OF COMMUNICATION AND RELATIONSHIPS
Abstract. This article reveals the relevance of the problem associated with the development of social psychology of relationships and communication as an industry. The article examines the state of theory and practice of its development. It analyzes the difficulties that occur in defining the concept, structure and classification of social relations and communication. Therefore, it is not by chance that the most important task is to create their full-fledged theory. Without this, it is impossible to talk about the effective development of social relations and communication. There is still a lot to be done both in theoretical and applied terms for its full registration as an industry. Currently, there is an urgent need he communicative competence of not only professionals, but also various groups of the population.
Yanysheva V.A., Dontsov D.A.
PSYCHODIAGNOSTICS OF PERSONALITY EGO STATES IN THE CONTEXT
OF AUTO-ORDINATING DIRECTION IN PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY
Abstract. In the content-semantic context of the sphere of psychological counseling and the field of non-clinical psychotherapy, this article substantively presents the author’s scientific and practical approach of V.A. Yanysheva: auto-coordination psychology and auto-coordination psychotherapy of the personality psyche, carried out by means of a natural-psychic psychotherapeutic method.
In this article, the author’s psychological diagnostic technique of V.A. Yanysheva “Diagnosis of personality ego-states in the auto-coordination approach”, dedicated to the non-classical, in comparison with E. Burne’s transactional analysis, understanding and definition of such personality ego-states, distinguished in the author’s scientific and practical direction by V.A. Yanysheva “auto-coordination psychology and auto-coordination psychotherapy”, as: controlling parent; custodial parent; adult; natural child; capricious, offended, rebellious child; adaptive child.
This development is intended for: a) undergraduate, specialist, master’s, postgraduate, professional retraining and advanced training students of all psychological specialties and areas of training; b) professional psychologists, – psychologists-consultants, psychologists-psychotherapists, psychologists-psychodiagnostic, teachers of practice-oriented psychological disciplines, research psychologists, developmental psychologists, clinical psychologists, as well as social, service, military, managerial, transport, sports, penitenti -ary, extreme psychologists and other specialists in the field of practical psychology, producing non-medical psychotherapy and carrying out general psychological diagnostics.
SECTION III. EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-REALIZATION OF THE SUBJECT OF LABOR AND LIFE STRATEGY
Dolidovich O.M., Litvina T.V., Prosekova E.V., Sekisova T.V.
EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT OF KRASNOYARSK RAILWAY
Abstract. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the involvement of employees of the Krasnoyarsk Railway, conducted in December 2021 – January 2022. It is shown that the study of personnel involvement is part of the overall annual work of JSC Russian Railways, carried out in order to target the identification of development zones for certain parameters of the social and personnel policy in functional branches and their regional divisions, as well as improving the employee knowledge management system and developing corporate culture. Research using online surveys developed on the basis of the Hewitt Associates engagement methodology shows that engagement is not a stable indicator, it changes dynamically from year to year, differs among respondents depending on gender, age, type of employment, length of service, as in branches, and for the company as a whole. The highest indicators are in terms of involvement in the workflow, and the lowest in terms of the level of involvement in solving corporate problems. In order to form a complete picture of involvement, it became clear not only the level, but also the specific reasons that determine it, such studies must be supplemented with qualitative methods, and interviews in particular.
Ivantsov O.V., Lugovaya I.N.
PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF ATHLETES-POWERLIFTERS IN THE PERIOD OF PRE-COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY
Abstract. The article discusses one of the types of weightlifting – powerlifting, as a sport, otherwise called triathlon. To fill the gaps in the complex training program for athletes in powerlifting, it seems relevant to study the effect of anxiety and motivation on sports results in the process of competitive activity. In an empirical study conducted in 2022, 84 powerlifters took part, who underwent diagnostics immediately before performances. In the course of the study, the anxiety and motivation of powerlifters at different age stages during the period of competitive activity were studied, such methods were used as: Method “Thermometer”; Spielberger-Khanin Situational Anxiety Scale; Questionnaire of the pre-competitive state of athletes; as well as the author’s Questionnaire to identify the strength indicators of an athlete and his expected results. Based on the results of the study, a program of psychological training of powerlifters for competitive activities is presented, taking into account the identified characteristics of athletes. To determine the effectiveness of the program of psychological preparation of athletes-powerlifters for competitive activities, a comparative analysis of the results of the ascertaining and control experiment was carried out. Based on the results of the diagnostic stage, an experimental group was formed, consisting of 42 athletes who participated in the study of the effectiveness of the program of psychological preparation of powerlifters for competitive activity, the results of work with athletes according to the program are also presented in the study.
Kasatkina M.I., Fedotenko I.L.
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL-VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF FUTURE SOCIAL WORKERS AS A CONDITION OF DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR READINESS FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
Abstract. The article deals with the problem of finding effective ways to form professionally significant values among students in the process of preparing them to perform social work in modern conditions.
The hierarchy of the leading values of social work is presented. The peculiarities of the formation of students’ value attitude to the profession are revealed. The optimal organizational and psychological-pedagogical conditions that influence the formation of the foundations of professional and value orientations among students are identified and substantiated: the inclusion of an axiological context in the content of academic disciplines; the use of pedagogical tools that stimulate the involvement of students in activities that emphasize the value meanings of the future profession; participation of students in the practical activities of the professional and local community; organization of the cultural and educational environment of the university, which ensures the optimization of theoretical knowledge of students with the expansion of their practical experience. Pedagogical tools have been experimentally determined, which contribute to the formation of students’ interest in their future profession, a positive attitude towards activity, the development of individual professional and value features, and the internalization of professional values.
The directions of practice-oriented training of students are noted, which require further development in order to achieve the greatest effectiveness in the formation of a professional and personal value system among future social workers for their professional activities in a wide and diverse context of modern society.
ISSUES OF IMPROVING PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING AND TRAINING IN SPORTS AND DANCE ACTIVITIES OF YOUTH
Abstract. Sports activities, in particular, sports and dance activities, is one of the major factors for the formation of abilities for social cognition, communication, and a health-saving lifestyle. However, both in mass sports and in high-performance sports, there are certain risks of physical and emotional exhaustion, various levels of disappointment, loss of faith in the coach, partner, and yourself. The purpose of this study was to improve the basic program of psychological counseling and training (developed and tested earlier in the author’s dissertation research) based on content analysis of appeals from highly qualified athletes-dancers aged 21-25 in the 2021-2022 competition season for psychological help. The content analysis of the requests of athletes-dancers for psychological help showed that they are divided into three categories: a request for correction of psychophysiological conditions (25%), a request for the development of cohesion in a dance couple (27%), request for the formation of a successful dance career scenario (48%). Training exercises and consultations are aimed at correcting and developing self-esteem, goal-setting, anxiety and communication skills. As a result of the study, it was concluded that there is a need for continuous improvement of psychological counseling programs and trainings for the correction of anxiety, the development of self-esteem, self-control in communication, goal-setting, taking into account the specifics of sports activities and complex socio-cultural circumstances; in dance sports of the highest achievements for the age category of 21-25 years, the predominant problem is the combination of dance career plans.
Malakhaeva S.K., Nikulina T.I., Rusak N.G.
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND SOCIO-POLITICAL POSITIONS OF YOUNG PEOPLE
Abstract. The study is devoted to the search for the relationship of personal characteristics with the socio-political positions of young people. Hypotheses were tested on the existence of a relationship between personal characteristics and socio-political positions of young people in Russia; there is a difference between the socio-political positions of men and women. The study involved 60 people aged 16 to 30 years: 40 women and 20 men. The methodology “Five-factor personality questionnaire” adaptation by A. B. Khromov, the methodology “Socio-political positions” by G. Yu. were used. Aizenka. Most of the subjects showed a tendency to socialist ideas. In men, with an increase in extroversion indicators, anti-racism indicators will increase (r=,464, at p=0.05). Benevolence and responsiveness, which characterize the scale of attachment, contribute to anti-racism (r=,519, at p = 0.05), increase tolerance. In women, the “self-control – impulsivity” factor is inversely correlated with the “softness- rigidity” factor (r=-,368 at p=0.05). With increasing self-control and striving for social normativity, rigidity in political aspirations, orientation to masculinity and orderliness in society will increase. Inverse correlation between the scales “dominance – subordination” and “progressivity – reactivity” (r= -,320 at p=0.05).
Medvedeva N.A., Timushkin A.V.
PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS TEACHERS BASED ON AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to show the feasibility and possibilities of an integrative approach in the implementation of the process of professional training of future teachers of physical culture and sports. Understanding the processes occurring in the body during physical work is possible only on the basis of the implementation of an integrative approach. The future teacher of physical culture and sports should be able not only to select physical exercises to solve the tasks of the educational and training process, but also to know what happens in the body during work, which energy systems provide the energy of specific physical work, to choose, based on this knowledge, training tools that provide positive dynamics in the expansion of functional reserves. The paper shows ways to optimize the training process and specific diagnostic techniques that allow assessing the level of energy processes and the overall functional state of the body.