SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL
S. TRETYAKOV – ENLIGHTENER AND BENEFACTOR
Abstract. Moscow merchant Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov throughout his life acted as an entrepreneur, benefactor, educator, collector, public figure and served as the Moscow city mayor. He entered the history of Russian culture as one of the founders of the Tretyakov Gallery as well as collector of Western European art. His life was devoted not only to the formation of the collection and to the affairs of city government. He was involved in many charitable events, primarily caring in his own words “about public benefit.” In the field of aesthetic education he undertook several little-known projects and the proposed article is devoted to them.
Keywords: Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov, Moscow merchant and entrepreneur, collector, educator, benefactor, charity activities, Russian art in Paris 1870-1880, French art in Russia 1880-early 1890s, “Art Magazine” (1881-1887), Etude exhibition, Moscow Society of Art Lovers, Orthodox church on Shipka in Bulgaria.
Lobova A.A., Koval K.S.
THE WOMEN’S ISSUES IN PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHTS IN CHINA AND RUSSIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
Abstract. The paper is to examine the evolution of the Chinese and Russian approach to Women’s issues at the turn of the 19-20th centuries. The beginning of the 20th century was a century of transformation in socio-political thought, and reform in both China and Russia. Changes have also affected ideas of women’s role in society. Based on a comparative analysis of the women’s issues in Russia and China, several general trends can be identified. Firstly, the prevalence of the philosophical ideas about women in works of male philosophers was characteristic of China and Russia. Secondly, philosophers have considered the problem of women in the framework of the issue of the nation. Among the differences, the following can be singled out: in contrast to the Russian philosophers, who are often considered women’s issues within metaphysics, the Chinese thinkers saw in it the solution of practical problems, lucid during the Sino-Japanese wars.
Keywords: Russia, China, education, comparative study, women’s issue, reforms, late Qing dynasty.
SECTION II. PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL BASES OF COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN PERSON AND SOCIETY
ABOUT MODERN TECHNOLOGIES INCREASING THE INDICATORS OF PSEUDDON PUBLIC ACTIVITY
Abstract. The author supports the activities of the National Electronic Library of Russia to remove “garbage” editions from the RINC. In the article specific examples of university collections of scientific works demonstrate modern technologies of unjustified increase in the indicators of scientific publication activity, with the help of which “hirsch managers” raise the “citation indexes” and the number of publications in the RINC to clients, in the absence of quality and scientific significance of the research results. Technologies pseudocitability of steel, unfortunately, used in many educational organizations. The cases described in this article unite not only the scale and multiplicity of the acts, but the existence of a single “coordination center” with one organizer. The applied technologies of “adding sources of” necessary “authors to the lists of articles” and “publication of fabricated articles with lists of literature of the right content” are effective, even if there are no new scientific publications available to the “client”, to provide him virtually any values of published activity indicators in the shortest possible time. Information on the suppression of such activities by teachers implementing unscrupulous technologies and their public censure, the reputational costs of heads of organizations participating in the tacit support of unscrupulous colleagues, is missing. The author believes that the active self-purification of the faculty and the principled attitude to the facts of the scientific scam will lead to a genuine improvement in the quality, significance and intensity of scientific research of university workers.
Keywords: Russian scientific citation index (RINC), citation index, Hirsch index, pseudoscientific publication activity, pseudocitability technologies.
Mikhailova O.B., Chernomyrdina V.I.
CHARACTERISTICS OF INNOVATIVENESS AND CREATIVITY ON HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS INVOLVED AND NOT INVOLVED IN MMORPG
Abstract. The article presents theoretical and empirical analysis of the phenomenon of involvement in massively multiplayer online role-playing games among high school students. Based on a significant number of studies conducted the article defines the virtual world and its role in the life and activities of man of today is substantiated. The main features of games that make them the most attractive to users and promote their active involvement in the game were identified. The main advantages of this game genre have been conceptualized. Based on theoretical reflection a hypothesis on the existence of significant connections and differences on exercise of innovativeness and creativity in high school students involved and not involved in massively multiplayer online role-playing games had been designed. To confirm the hypotheses put forward the following methods were used: 1) Questionnaire for assessing the degree of excessive focus on role playing computer games (E. Belovod, I. Kolotilova); 2) Form for studying gaming activity, experience and genre gaming preferences of a person (N. Omelchenko); 3) Scale of self-evaluation capacity of personal innovative qualities (N. Lebedeva, A. Tatarko); 4) Multidimensional questionnaire “Innovation of the person” (O. Mikhailova); 5) Test “Creativity” (N. Vishnyakova). As a result of the study, empirical data were obtained confirming the hypotheses put forward. In the article conclusion the authors formulated a number of recommendations to the plot potential use of multi-user online role-playing games for the development of the personality of students in upper levels in modern teaching practice.
Keywords: massively multiplayer online role-playing games, development, personal capacity, Virtual world.
POTENTIAL EMOTIONAL COMPONENT OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERGROUP ADAPTATION OF VARIOUS SUBDIVISIONS LEADERS AT THE POLYCULTURAL CONSTRUCTION ORGANIZATION
Abstract. Article presents an approach to resolving the question of improving the efficiency of personnel management in modern multicultural construction company through emotional component of inter-group adaptation (EC IA). Theoretical review and methodological apparatus cover a wide range of approaches that formed the basis of present study. Clearly worded and well-argued regularities of A. Bulgakov as well as principles, mechanisms, social and psychological ways, tools, optimization technologies of EC IA allowed to make reference to components of such a model of EC IA, namely, to the very emotional aspect. Taking into account the contradictory nature of scientific views and perceptions associated with emotions, a consistent algorithm was developed for studying the emotional component in today’s realities of activities of modern multicultural construction organizations. As a result of the multifaceted evaluation of the emotional component of inter-group adaptation (EC IA) in multicultural construction company the inter-group adaptive fields of a multicultural construction organization were defined and relevant emotional aspects of the motivational potential of the company’s personnel were analyzed.
Keywords: inter-group adaptation, emotional component of inter-group adaptation, adaptive fields, motivational field, motivational profile.
Egorichev A.M., Rostovskaya T.K., Gulyaev S.B.
REALITIES OF FUTURE AS FIRST-ORDER CONDITIONS FOR THE SURVIVAL OF HUMANKIND
Abstract. Issues affecting the future scenario of the development of mankind are put and discussed. The authors give the results of a careful analysis of historical and modern scientific sources that are related questions including theoretical understanding of the world civilization development, its various options; understanding an essence of social nature; identification and justification of the factors that determine the functioning and sustainable development of the society; philosophical and sociological approaches to the development of futurological projects and scenarios for the advancement of the human community. It was concluded that despite the different approaches to understanding the future and the mechanisms that determine it, almost all researchers rely on common philosophical grounds that have a fundamental order specified by unified laws and regularities of functioning and developing of nature, society, man and space. On the basis of the results of many years of experiments the authors come to the conclusion that the modern world community has exhausted the development resource allotted to it by history based upon capitalist form of management and stands on the cusp of global social changes that will lead to it to a new era that has been predestined. Situation that must be heeded now calls for the development of a unified Strategy for the Development of the World Community in the medium and long term (50-100 years), which should have a high level of scientific justification including virtually all spheres of peoples life of our planet. This is possible only by uniting the intellectual potential of all the passionaries of the world community. The development of this strategy should be based on the futuristic forecast of the world civilization projected growth. Of the many possible ways for the development of mankind the authors determine the unity possible – the construction of the noosphere representing mankind’s way of preserving the planet Earth, the survival and further progress of world civilization. It is believed that in the near future all of humanity (or most of it) will unite behind planet-wide and cosmic idea of the great Russian thinker V. Vernadsky. The peoples of the world community will direct all their vital forces to strengthening cooperation and unification on the principles of mutual assistance and support. Although, are possible two other variants of events leading humanity to gradual degradation. Ultimately, the way in which humanity will continue its development is to be determined independently, based on the common sense of simple survival.
Keywords: world civilization, futurological project, meanings and values of humankind, noosphere, globalization, risks and dangers, technical and information and technology progress.
STRUCTURE OF ENVY IN THE CONTEXT OF SYSTEMIC AND RELATIONAL APPROACH
Abstract. The article describes envy under systematic and relational approach, which is a synthesis of the main provisions of the system approach and the theory of personal relations. The systemically important factor of envy was detected as a systemic formation through which elements are united in integrity that is the target purpose of the system (desire to restore subjective equality with the superior Other). The functions of envy (stimulating, regulative, asserting, protective) are designated that together uncover specific purpose of the system and determine the most optimal ways and means to achieve the goal. It is shown that envy has a multilevel structure represented by metasystem, system, sub-structural, component and elemental levels. At the central subsystem level the person’s relations to the superior Other, to the objects of his superiority and himself are localized, the synthesis of which forms the social and psychological relation of envy. The component level of each subsystem is represented by traditional components for psychological relationships (cognitive, affective, conative). The content of all components has been disclosed. It is demonstrated that while changing dynamic parameters (stability and severity) the envious attitude can be transformed into envy as a property of a person having the predominant shades of one of the two kinds of envy – envy-dislike and envy-despondency. The attributive properties of envy (selectivity, partiality, low awareness, maskability, traditionalism, sociality, ambivalence, equalization) are selected that together form its qualitative certainty and distinguish it from other socio-psychological relations.
Keywords: envy, relation, systematic and relational approach, systemically important factor, functions, structure, parameters, attributive features.
CREATION OF MUSIC WORKS TRANSLIPTION: EDUCATIONAL ASPECT
Abstract. At the current stage, for the successful implementation of a particular activity in one area or another including musical and performance activity, in addition to the stock of certain knowledge and skills it is necessary to have a number of professionally significant personal qualities. In musical education, one of the most effective ways of forming a harmonious personality of a student can be the creation of a transcription of musical compositions. The genre of transcription is emerging in infancy of instrumental music, it performs certain functions in the development of musical and performing schools and it is currently is still relevant. As a special kind of creative activity, the creation of transcriptions has all the grounds to be used for educational purposes, since serious artistic and creative problems are put and solved in this activity, the knowledge potential is growing, the professional competence of the musician is increasing, the load on creative processes is increasing, his general and special development is intensifying. The creation of transcription is a complex creative process including several successive interrelated stages: the choice of the composition for transcription, the algorithm for working with the original sheet with notes, the technical methods for converting the various elements of the texture and the final polishing the new text. By methodically aligned algorithm of the student’s actions and correct disposition of the teacher as well as within favorable and creative atmosphere in the classroom and the trusting relations between the teacher and the student, undoubtedly will lead to the achievement of positive results.
Keywords: musical transcription, creation of musical transcription, pedagogical process, methodology of creating transcription, musician developing.
SECTION III. THE PROBLEM OF EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND FULFILLMENT OF THE SUBJECT OF WORK AND LIFE STRATEGIES
SYNERGETIC MECHANISMS FOR THE FORMATION OF THE CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE STUDENT IN THE TRAINING OF DECORATIVE-APPLIED ART
Abstract. Synergetics in modern pedagogical education acquires new forms of application in pedagogical studies. The rationale for the mechanisms of synergetic interaction between the student’s creative activity and the objective world of art is connected with the problems of activating the mental and emotional spheres of the human brain. What is the need for the formation of creative activity in teaching decorative and applied art, conditioned by the professional competences of higher education. The creative activity of the student also influences all types of education, forming professional competencies and developing quality education. The quality of education is a priority in modern pedagogy. In this regard, the study of synergistic mechanisms of the student’s creative activity will show an important relationship between activity and activity as components of quality education in the process of teaching students to arts and crafts.
Keywords: arts and crafts, creativity, creative activity, creative activity, synergetics, synergetic mechanisms, training, teaching methods.
Nikitina N.I., Padylin N.YU., Grebennikova V.M.
PREVENTION OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF SPECIALISTS OF THE CRISIS CENTER FOR ASSISTANCE TO WOMEN AND CHILDREN
Abstract. The modern living conditions of people in the information society, the expansion of the spectrum of stressful situations, raising competition in the workplace, Intensifying professional activity, Increased complexity of content and working conditions, emergence of a considerable number of new stressors in in employment – all this leads to the phenomenon of emotional burnout of workers particularly for specialists in the occupational groups of the “man-to-man” system. The article on the basis of the analysis of scientific works looks at theoretical approaches of emotional burnout of specialists in crisis centers for social assistance to women and children; elaborates on an essence of emotional burnout of specialists in social services, identifies factors contributing to the syndrome of emotional burnout of social centers specialists; examines specifics of the modern content and conditions of professional activity of specialists of the crisis center for assistance to women and children; considers stages of emotional burnout of specialists in socially helping professions; provides symptoms characteristic of emotional burnout of social workers (specialists of social security institutions). Comparison of the characteristics (strength, severity) of emotional burnout syndrome by various specialists of crisis centers for the care of women and children (psychologists, social workers, lawyers, doctors) was conducted. Methodical basis for the prevention of emotional burnout syndrome among specialists in social work and psychologists of crisis centers is also considered.
Keywords: Emotional burnout, prevention, crisis centers for social assistance to women and children, social workers, psychologists of social services.
EVALUATION AND ANALYSIS OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS WORKING WITH SERIOUSLY ILL CHILDREN
Abstract. Studies on emotional burnout are more and more relevant in science and HR management. Emotional burnout affects physical, psychological health and productivity. There is a lot of research, but none on emotional burnout of teachers working with seriously ill children. In the research there is 253 participants of different age and sex with working experience up to 49 years and experience of teaching seriously ill children up to 26 years. The article looks into the degree and structure of emotional burnout; two methods of calculating burnout stage have been compared. Maslach Burnout Inventory results correspond to the author’s experience. Teachers do not see results of their work and develop emotional burnout. That is why informing teachers and giving them psychological support is essential. Emotional burnout is present for almost half the sample. According to Boiko test, the most common symptoms are “suffering from psychologically destructive circumstances”, “inadequate selective emotional response” and “professional tasks deterioration”. Emotional burnout has been detected for 41% of the sample. Both research methods have shown the same results for 85% of the teachers. MBI seems to over diagnose emotional burnout a little more than Boiko method.
Keywords: Emotional burnout, emotional burnout syndrome, burnout phases, burnout symptoms, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Boiko emotional burnout test.
SPECIAL ASPECTS OF LIFE PATH AND SELF-EVALUATION OF THE PERSONALITY OF PENSIONERS HAVING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN THE ANAMNESIS
Abstract. It is shown that psychological and physical health is determined not only by heredity and environment, but also by features of the life path and personality trait. The purpose of the research was to study the factors of the life path and personality characteristics affecting occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases in persons of retirement age, 496 people registered in the Moscow polyclinic have been examined. Methods of research: analysis of medical records, questionnaires, self-assessment of personality characteristics by patients, expert evaluation of a physician-geologist, variance analysis. It was shown that cardiovascular diseases progression in retirement age is significantly affected by bad habits (alcoholism, tobacco smoking, overeating), aggressiveness as a personality trait and as a condition, a professional type of “man-technician”. Risk of disease will be reduced by optimism, availability of subject hobbies and continued work in retirement – at the level of the trend. The following factors without influence on the development of cardiovascular diseases were identified: creative, intellectual and sports hobbies, belonging to other professional types, career level, education, moving, activity and purposefulness, sociability, due diligence. The obtained data can be used to organize psychological support for heart patients of retirement age.
Keywords: personality, life path, health, retirement age, heart diseases.