SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL
EDUCATIONAL WORK OF THE CHURCHES AND RELIGIOUS PRACTICES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE DIOCESE OF ARTSAKH OF THE ARMENIAN APOSTOLIC CHURCH)
Abstract. The article studies the influence of the educational activity of the Diocese of Artsakh of the Armenian Apostolic Church on the religious practices existing among the population of Nagorno-Karabakh. In particular, my task is to understand the extent to which educational activities over the past decades have influenced on actual religious rituals and idea of their significance; from what traditions the population refuses, and which ones it acquires under the influence of the preaching of the church. The research is mostly based on field materials collected by the author in Nagorno-Karabakh in the autumn of 2017.
Keywords: Armenia, Nagorno Karabakh, religion, church, Armenian Church, education.
USA POLICY IN THE WEST POST-SOVIET SPACE AND ITS IMPACT ON RELATIONS WITH THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (2001 – 2004)
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the policy of the first administration of the President of the United States, George W. Bush (2001-2004) in relation to the three former Soviet republics of Eastern Europe (Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine), as well as the impact of this policy on Washington’s relations with the Russian Federation. The main milestones of the policy, goals, forms, methods and results achieved are considered in detail. The policy of the United States towards the countries of the Western part of the post-Soviet space is considered in the general context of the political course of the neo-conservative Republican Administration of George W. Bush in relation to Russia and other countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The author concludes that during the period under review the United States pursued a fairly restrained and cautious policy in the region, only slightly activating it in comparison with the period of the presidency of W. Clinton (1993-2000). As the main potential partner in the western part of the post-Soviet space, the White House continued to consider Ukraine, which was connected, first of all, with traditional geopolitical factors. The United States, together with the leading states of the European Union, provided significant political and financial support to pro-Western forces during the political crisis of the turn of 2004-2005. in Ukraine (the so-called “orange revolution”). From the point of view of the author of the research, the factor of support from the US administration was not decisive, and the final victory of Viktor Yushchenko was predetermined, first of all, by internal factors. However, most of the Russian political and expert community took the “orange revolution” as the result of direct intervention by the United States in the internal affairs of a sovereign state with the aim of countering Russia’s peaceful expansion in the region. Further rapprochement between Kiev and Washington already during the second administration of George W. Bush (2005-2008), as well as the prospects for Ukraine’s accession to the North Atlantic Alliance, were among the key factors that predetermined the sharp degradation of American and Russian relations during this period. The importance of Belarus and Moldova in the foreign policy priorities of the United States in 2001 – 2004 was much lower. The American administration has maintained its policy of supporting the pro-Western opposition in Belarus and imposed the first open sanctions against the official Minsk. There was no targeted policy towards Chisinau.
Keywords: Russia, United States, Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, George W. Bush, the orange revolution, international relations, the post-Soviet space, the North Atlantic Alliance
CONSUMER BEHAVIOR AND PROBLEM OF SOCIAL DEPRIVATION OF ELITE AND MIDDLE URBAN CLASS OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY IN THE PERIOD OF THE GENERAL NATIONAL CRISIS IN 1914-1918
Abstract. The article studies the models of consumer behavior in the middle and high class of the urban population of Russia, their psychosocial status during the national crisis caused by the First World War and the revolutionary processes of 1917. The scientific novelty of the work is to assess the causes and manifestations of the split in the elite of Russian society, as well as in the analysis of the social deprivation of the urban population. Particular attention is paid to the state of the consumer market and the opportunities to meet the needs of metropolitan residents, their search for means of accumulation and preservation of well-being.
Keywords: consumer market, welfare of the population, consumer behavior, middle urban classes, the elite of society, the purchasing power of the population, satisfaction of needs, social crisis.
SECTION II. PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL BASES OF COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN PERSON AND SOCIETY
SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CLIMATE IN THE LABOR COLLECTIVE: ITS FEATURES AND INFLUENCE ON THE EFFICIENCY OF LABOR EMPLOYMENT
Abstract. The article describes the main features of the socio-psychological climate in the work collective. Importance of taking into account the emotional atmosphere, the system of relations, the conditionality of corporate values, the ability to influence motivational and activity states, etc. is indicated. The influence of the socio-psychological climate on a number of indicators of the efficiency of labor activity was proved experimentally. These indicators are: quality of work, competence, efficiency, labor motivation, etc.
Keywords: socio-psychological climate, professional activity, employees, efficiency of labor activity, labor collective, influence.
INFRASTRUCTURE OR INVISIBLE FOUNDATION OF HEALTH OF OUR ORGANISM
Abstract. A cell is a mechanism controlled by energy. And so, it should be approached through the study of energy. The connective tissue system is the largest organ of the human body and is adapted to transmit energy and information. It functions as a liquid crystal semiconductor and is a piezoelectric matter that generates electricity upon compression. It is this ability that explains one of the oldest riddles of acupuncture: how is the stimulation of one point (for example, on the ear) capable of affecting another point (for example, on the spleen). However, at present, scientific research has focused mainly on the matter, and very little attention has been paid to studying energy.
Keywords: physics, psychology, cell, connective tissue, subtle energies, energy psychology, energy medicine, genetics.
Vinogradova M.V., Grigor’eva I.G., Molchanova A.V.
DEVELOPMENT OF AN EFFECTIVE ROADMAP FOR THE UNIVERSITY TEACHER: EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY
Abstract. This article is devoted to the problem of launching an effective contract in higher education institutions and related prospects, as well as the creation of a teacher’s roadmap. We tried to observe critically the possible consequences of starting up this kind of contract according to several directions and offer our variants of working out these points. We consider that the effective contract does not principally allow to regulate professional relations between the teaching staff and the administration of the University, as the teachers’work supposes, first of all, the creative interrelationships between teachers and students.
Keywords: effective contract, globalization, strategic initiatives, commercialization of science, globalism, short-term perspective, long-term perspective.
SECTION III. THE PROBLEM OF EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND FULFILLMENT OF THE SUBJECT OF WORK AND LIFE STRATEGIES
Perelygina E.B., Zotova O.Y., Tarasova L.V., Belousova N.A.
PREDICTORS OF ASSESSMENT BY THE PERSON OF THE SAFETY LEVEL OF LIFE SPACE
Abstract. The role of psychological safety in the life of the individual and society is analyzed. Individual and group differences in the perception of security are considered. The presence of a general idea of security turns into a powerful psychological mechanism that can have important consequences for society. Psychological security is an element of the picture of the world of the whole society, part of everyday understanding, manifested in acts and artifacts that characterize the society. It is shown that the psychological safety of a society depends on the psychological safety of people living in this society. Psychological safety is not a static design inherent in all members of society without exception: it is a dynamic phenomenon that reacts sensitively to any external and internal changes in the person’s life space that occur at the micro and macro levels. The research continues the theme of the relationship between the psychological, social and economic characteristics of individuals with their assessment of their own safety and is devoted to the consideration of factors that determine the individual’s assessment of the degree of safety of his or her living space. In the course of the study, predictors were evaluated for assessing the degree of safety by a person: gender, age, education, financial position, level of general trust and subjective well-being of the individual. The characteristics of groups of respondents characterized by different degrees of perceived safety of the living environment were singled out. It is proved that the absence of a sense of security comes first and becomes the leading one, begins to determine the motivation for a person’s social behavior, rebuilding and changing it, in a specific way transforming other basic needs groups, mental characteristics and personality characteristics. It is the deprived component that determines social behavior by its integral influence. In the course of the research empirically, based on the construction of models of multiple regression analysis, predicators of the person’s assessment of the degree of safety of the living space were established. It was found that women assess the safety of living space higher than men; increasing the age of respondents leads to a decrease in the level of safety of living space; with an increase in the level of education and material security, the safety assessment of the living space is growing; the growth of general trust, satisfaction with life and subjective well-being increases the degree of living space safety of a person.
Keywords: psychological security, personality, society, predictors, living space.
Dolidovich O.M., Mashanov A.A., Luk’yanova A.I.
RESISTANCE TO INNOVATIONS OF SCHOOL TEACHERS: MODERN APPROACHES TO STUDY
Abstract. The article presents the results of analysis of modern scientific approaches to the study of resistance to innovations of teachers in secondary education schools. The relevance of the work is conditioned by the permanent nature of reforming the goals, content, technologies of the domestic educational system. The authors examined the work devoted to reasons of resistance, conditions and factors that ensure the teacher’s readiness to implement innovations, the role of school principals in the implementation of innovations. The researchers noted the complexity of diagnosing types and the degree of resistance, since it must be carried out taking into account the set of personal, group, as well as external, organizational reasons. For this purpose, as a rule, questioning is used, whereas it is expedient to broaden the methods of organizational psychology, management psychology, general and strategic management, sociology. The article shows that the scientific literature presents a variety of classifications of the reasons for teachers’ resistance to innovations, which creates a certain difficulty for an accurate determination of their quantity and composition, in addition, this also indicates a lack of elaboration of the scope and content of the concept. The authors agree with the opinion of many scientists that one of the most important objective reasons for teachers’ resistance to change is the nature of the reform of the Russian education system, which is carried out situationally, in the absence of a general concept that is in the public interest, without reliance on a scientifically based strategic development program. The innovative potential of school principals is also low. Being conductors of state policy, they prefer a directive management style, avoid additional responsibilities and duties, are not ready to act in a situation of uncertainty. Concerning ways to overcome the resistance of teachers to educational innovations, researchers in most cases give recommendations on improving the motivation, management style of the organization and the overall organizational climate. Despite the fact that, in general, the available works do not give a complete picture of the technologies, tools, methods of overcoming the resistance of the pedagogical staff to innovations, they still have great practical importance for managers and administration representatives in managing the process of introducing changes.
Keywords: innovations, innovations, comprehensive school, teacher, resistance to changes.
DETERMINANTS OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE STAFF OF THE CRIMINAL EXECUTIVE INSPECTION OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE OF RUSSIA
Abstract. The article touches upon the problem of professional responsibility of employees of the criminal executive inspectorates of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. One of the key tasks is to consider the factors that influence the development of this phenomenon among employees. So among the main determinants of professional responsibility are the locus of control, the sense of life and career orientations of the officers of the penitentiary inspectorates of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. The article presents empirical data obtained during the empirical research in the structural units of the penitentiary system of various subjects of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Federal Penitentiary Service, criminal executive inspection, professional responsibility, determinants of professional responsibility, official activity, employees of the penitentiary inspection of the Federal Penitentiary Service.
Evenko S.L., Pogibenko L.B.
PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPONENTS OF THE STRESS-RESISTANCE OF EMPLOYEES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF ONCOLOGY PATIENTS
Abstract. In the article psychological components that determine the stress-resistance of employees providing psychological support to oncology patients are considered. A direct positive relationship between the general indicator of stress resistance and psychological components that determine the employee’s ability to resist stress factors of labor has been identified. The degree of significance of each of the psychological determinants determining the ability of employees of the psychological support service for oncology patients to stressful factors of professional activity is established. The main directions and means of development of psychological determinants of stress-resistance in employees have been determined.
Keywords: stress-resistance, psychological support to oncology patients, psychological components, employees of the psychological support service for oncology patients.
PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE MANIFESTATION OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN THE PRESCHOOL AGE
Abstract. The article touches on the theme of modern education conditions for a full-fledged preschooler. Special place in the article is given to the result of the success of the child’s development, while staying with in the educational organization, where he or she studies. The article deals with the need for a comprehensive study of the development of the preschooler’s personality. Especially significant is the identification of the specifics of cognitive processes, and the patterns of their formation and development in preschool children of 5-7 years. Therefore, special assistance, individual approach and support from teachers and psychologists in cognitive development of preschool children is very important. It is known that many children of preschool age are characterized by uneven development, on the basis of this, there is a need for using complex activities aimed at the harmonious development of cognitive processes. The article reveals the problem of research related to the development of recommendations and working methods for specialists in cognitive development of preschool children and their implementation in the practice of education and training of preschoolers of 5-7 years. The scientific and practical importance of the research consists in the systematization and structuring of scientific information on the main approaches of cognitive psychology, the peculiarities of the mental and cognitive development in children of 5-7 years. The article analyzes the phenomenon of creativity, because the ability of a creative person to put him- or herself in the place of another is of particular importance for social competence. Creativity helps to understand the experiences of another person. In the article we are talking about the preschool age, in which special processes are beginning to be allocated aimed at direct acquaintance with the surrounding world (the embryos of purposeful observation), for memorizing and reproducing the perceived material (embryos of arbitrary memory), for elucidating the interconnection and interdependencies between phenomena (embryos of logical, rational thinking), etc. The idea is argued that under the influence of a certain kind of pedagogical influences occurs changing of typological characteristics of the child, changes of his or her character. The article touches on the temperament, which is one of the backgrounds for the formation of those important qualities of personality that are entirely influenced by the conditions of life and upbringing.
Keywords: Personality of the preschooler, cognitive processes, cognitive development, cognitive psychology, the phenomenon of creativity, preschool age, mental development.