SECTION I. HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT
OF HUMAN CAPITAL
IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE HISTORY OF MOLOKANS IN AZERBAIJAN
Abstract. The object of research of this work is the Molokans, an emerging sect in the late 60s of the XVIII century in Romanovskaya Russia among state peasants. The article shows the history of the settlement of the Molokans in Azerbaijan, their area of distribution in the country and the degree of knowledge of the problem. Considering the Molokans as an “especially harmful” sect, the Russian Empire considered it appropriate to remove these sectarians from the central provinces of Russia and settle in the conquered lands, in this case on the territory of Azerbaijan. By order of the State Council of October 20, 1830, they were brought into the country. Initially, the Molokan sectarian settlements were created on privately owned lands, which had been selected from representatives of the highest Muslim class, who opposed the conquest of the Azerbaijani lands by the Russian Empire, pursued a targeted colonial policy, “diluting” the highest social category of the country’s population. On the basis of a wide factual material, the author paid attention to the existing and newly formed subgroups of the Molokans in the country. Analyzing this question, the author comes to the conclusion that in order to establish political power in the conquered country, the Russian Empire for the implementation of colonial policy in the said burial includes the social base of Russian sectarians, in this case the Molokans.
Keywords: Turkmenchay Treaty, Molokans, sectarians, jumpers, whips, Bakinsky province, mega-region.
EDUCATION IN THE CONTEMPORARY MULTICULTURAL WORLD AND THE GOALS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEACHERS’ INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE
Abstract. Ethno-social and ethno-cultural processes, which are going on in the present-day world have a significant influence on education systems. Classes and schools are becoming increasingly multiethnic. In some countries and world regions on the increase is the number of children from the families of foreign ethnic migrants. They are in need of adaptation and integration into new social medium. The paper analyzes international regulatory documents, which stipulate support for cultural diversity and develop guidelines of cross-cultural education with special emphasis on the used terminology. The paper separately analyzes the matter of educating the teachers for work in multicultural medium with due account to up-to-date requirements of International and Russian Legislation. Also addressed is the factor of developing the teachers’ cross-cultural competences: both European and Russian materials explain the meaning of this factor. The article justifies the necessity of taking into account the principles of inter-cultural/cross-cultural education in the Russian system of education to achieve the national goal on human capital development with due account for the multi-ethnic and multi-faith society of our country.
Key words: cultural diversity, intercultural education, multicultural education, children from migrants’ families, adaptation and integration, intercultural competence, sustainable development.
SECTION II. COMPLEX COGNITION OF THE MODERN
PERSON AND SOCIETY
THE CONCEPT OF PROFESSIONAL FOSTER FAMILY CARE
Abstract. The article deals with the essence and content of substitute family care. The theoretical analysis of the existing forms of substitute family care, methods of work with foster families. The peculiarities of the development of children-orphans. Special attention is paid to the main goals and objectives of the substitute family care. The theoretical analysis of the views of domestic and foreign scientists and practitioners on the problem of substitute family care is carried out. Ways of optimization of the substituting family care are considered. It is emphasized that in the domestic psychological science the proposed concept of professional substitute family care, where the core is a specialist, from the perspective of the professional approach is considered for the first time.
Key words: substitute family care, deprivation, attachment, motivation of reception, compensation of deprivation disorders, goals and objectives of substitute family care, the concept of professional substitute family care, specialist on substituting family care.
METHODS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE REHABILITATION POTENTIAL OF DRUG ADDICTS
Abstract. The article deals with the problem of assessing the rehabilitation potential of individuals with various types of dependence in the conditions of the psychological center based on the use of psychological and pedagogical methods. It is assumed that determining the specific level of rehabilitation potential will allow solving the problem of forming homogeneous rehabilitation groups, which in turn will allow differentiation of drug addicts and personification of rehabilitation programs, as well as help predict and evaluate the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process. thus, work on the psychological rehabilitation of drug addicts.
According to the author, the solution to this problem is proposed by implementing a comprehensive assessment of a number of psychological indicators that will give a prediction about the possibility of the object of the rehabilitation process to activate its psychophysiological reserves and mobilize the psychological mechanisms necessary to restore its mental, physical and social health. Based on the analysis of the literature, the author suggests including such factors as: assessment of personal adaptation potential, diagnosis of parent-child relationships, cure motivation, and value-related sphere of a drug-addicted person in the evaluation structure of the rehabilitation potential of drug addicts.
In addition, the article presents the results of a study conducted on the basis of the psychological rehabilitation centers of the Ryazan and Moscow regions for people with various types of addiction, during which the possibility of evaluating the rehabilitation potential based on psychological methods in the interests of further personification of rehabilitation was studied. programs, and evaluating the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process.
Keywords: dependent behavior, psychological rehabilitation, rehabilitation process, level of rehabilitation potential, personification of rehabilitation programs.
ABOUT PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENA OF CONFIDENCE
Abstract. The article presents the results of a theoretical analysis of the problem of confidence. Psychological studies of confidence, definitions of confidence, points of view regarding the psychological content of confidence, manifestation of confidence, personal correlates of confidence, psychological factors influencing confidence are analyzed. Considered the situation of the productivity and unproductiveness of confidence and measure of confidence. The main directions of the psychological study of confidence and their results are noted. The manifestations of confidence at the cognitive, emotional, behavioral level and self-assessment level are described. A review of applied psychological studies of confidence was made.
The rationale for confidence as personal and personal-professional qualities and qualities is presented. Psychological determinants and indicators of confidence are described.
Keywords: confidence, personality-professional quality, manifestation of confidence, a measure of confidence, performance, psychological determinants of confidence.
Pakhomovа E.A., Grigorieva M.A.
UPDATING IN THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL WORK SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL BENEFITS AND GUARANTEES
Abstract. The formulation and solution of actual problems of social practice is largely determined by the needs, opportunities of society and the perfection of social practice, which determines the effectiveness of solving key problems, a special place among which is taken by social benefits, social guarantees and the direct organization of social work. The range of these and other sensitive issues is analyzed in the article. At the same time, a special place is given to the analysis of socio-psychological mechanisms that determine the effectiveness of the entire social service sector in society.
Keywords: cultural identity; globalization, social benefits; social guarantees; welfare state; socio-psychological mechanisms of social work.
Ivanov V.S., Sharagin V.I.
PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR OF SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION AND MOTIVATION OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS
Abstract. The article presents the results of the study of the levels of psychological security of the educational environment of psychological faculties of the Moscow state psychological and pedagogical University and their impact on the social and psychological adaptation and motivation of educational activities of first-year students. The study was conducted in the context of modern ideas about the psychological security of the educational environment of the University, adaptation and motivation. It is found that the low level of psychological safety of the educational environment has a significant impact on the socio-psychological adaptation and motivation of educational activities of first-year students. With its increase, this impact on the adaptation and motivation of educational activities is reduced, which is explained by the effectiveness of the psychological safety of the educational environment of the MSUPE.
Key words: psychological safety of educational environment, social and psychological adaptation and motivation of educational activity, student, diagnosis, factor.
Rostovskaya T.K., Popova I.V., Kuchmaeva O.V.
THE IMPACT OF THE UNIVERSAL STATE EXAM ON THE EDUCATION OF THE YOUNG GENERATION
Abstract. The relevance of this research is determined by the negative implications that have appeared over time since such form (the universal state exam) of assessment was introduced. When evaluating any social experiment there should be an understanding of the social cost. The purpose of our article is to describe the social cost of the universal state exam (USE) for society in general and in developing the educational potential of the young generation. In this researchwe have usedthe approach of the qualitative social science: the narrative interview, the writing tradition, and the improvised story-telling. We have defined the concept of “educational potential” and justified the use of qualitative methodology within this investigation. Based on the analysis of transcripts of informants we have identified areas of concern when carrying out performance assessment of the secondary school graduates through such form of control as the universal state exam (USE). We have revealed the general trends in the state and the development of the educational potential of the young generation. The necessity to withdraw that exam as a form of assessment, which positives are fewer than its negatives, has well been justified. The authors of the research have concluded that the implementation of such form of assessment as the universal state exam has led to the disruption of the educational system of the secondary school itself. The result being a great decrease in the depth of subjects that are not included in the state exam. There has gradually developed a trend among students for losing the capacity for adequate communication: school graduates are not literate in writing and reading, they are not capable of correctly expressing their own thoughts. With such uneven “baggage” of knowledge school graduates apply for various professions in their further education. Entering higher educational institutions based on the results of the universal state exams has in fact crossed out such important process as career guidance. Most graduates are guided by the number of points that will allow entering any specialty. The developing tutoring led to manifestations of corruption, created an economic burden on families where there are school children, and increased the factor of social inequality for those wishing to receive higher education. All this led to the destruction of the educational potential of young people.
Key words: educational potential, USE, narrative interview, improvised story-telling, expert evaluation, traditional analysis.
REVIEW OF EDUCATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AS FOREIGN, CONTAINING HUMORISTIC TEXTS
Abstract. The article discusses modern textbooks containing humorous texts and intended for Russian language classes with foreign students of different levels of training, in order to find out how developed a system of tasks and exercises that help foreign students navigate the Russian humor. Nowadays, the point of view about the need to build RCT training on the basis of authentic texts is generally accepted, therefore, the practical significance of humorous content texts has become obvious, which underlines the relevance of a scientific article. The complexity of the choice of research material due to the small number of textbooks and manuals, including humorous texts, despite the methodological and culturological importance of using humor in class. The method of teaching RCTs, including humorous texts, will allow practicing teachers to diversify Russian language classes, and foreign students to improve their knowledge of the Russian language. As a result of the analysis, it turned out that the few textbooks and textbooks containing humorous texts lack a system of tasks aimed at removing difficulties in perception and understanding of texts, and the authors of educational materials do not give methodological recommendations for working with humorous ones. texts. It is assumed that the understanding of humor ¬ is the area of responsibility of the student, despite research in the field of pedagogy and psychology, confirming both the possibility and the need to develop a sense of humor in the Russian language class. The article is of scientific interest for all who are interested in the problems of the teaching methods of RCT, as well as the creation of modern textbooks and teaching aids.
Keywords. Methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, the theory of a textbook, humor at a lesson in Russian as a foreign language, a textbook in Russian.
Nikitskaya E.A., Nikitskiy M.V.
THE POSSIBILITIES OF USING IN RUSSIA FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL WORK ON THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS, INCLUDING MINORS (ON THE MATERIAL OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM)
Abstract. The authors of the article highlight the most important socio – pedagogical problem with non-geographical localization and relevance-the problem of social education, socialization and re-socialization of the younger generation who committed the offense. This problem is the subject of theoretical research and practical area of solving complex problems of the social complex virtually everywhere, where the issues of creating conditions for the development of personality and positive socialization of citizens of their own countries are among the highest priorities. This article offers an analysis and a number of approaches to understanding the effectiveness of educational methods and means of re-education of offenders in Vietnam, describes the requirements for the organization of the process of re-education of offenders, with the possibility of understanding the applicability of these methods in the domestic socio-pedagogical work with the appropriate category of citizens. The authors also present the criteria and measures for checking and evaluating the results of educational work with offenders in Russia and Vietnam.
Keywords: social education, minor, re-education, delinquent behavior, criminal behavior, offender, convict, social activity, labor education
Kochkina O.M., Shpynova A.I.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AND KEY SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS
Abstract. In the modern world in the context of globalization, the English language has become a tool that helps to overcome communication barriers preventing effective international interaction and cooperation between countries, companies and people. The emergence of English as a lingua franca in the field of international business means that a sufficient level of language proficiency is no longer considered an additional competitive advantage, but an imperative needed to achieve success. In the article, the authors aim to assess to what extent the level of English language proficiency correlates with indicators of countries’ economic and social development (GDP, exports of goods and services, human development index), business competitiveness (indices characterizing innovative component in business activities and conditions for doing business), and also specific indicators of companies’ performance. To study the problem, the authors use the methods of empirical, descriptive, statistical, comparative and graphical analysis of data from international organizations and foreign private research entities. The results obtained make it possible to assess how important the knowledge of English is in terms of the country’s economic and social progress and creation of environment for business development.
Keywords: language of international communication, English language proficiency level, English proficiency indexes, socioeconomic development, indicators of business development, competitiveness.
Solodova E.A., Haritonova V.A.
NEW QUALITY OF EDUCATION BY CONTEXT OF POSTNOCLASSIC SCIENCE
Abstract. In this article the problem of the forming of new quality of education is discussed. It is shown, that the decision of this problem may be finding into the synergetic methodology as result of postnoclassic science.
Key words: competent approach, wholeness, postnoclassic science, synergetic, nonlinear, new quality of education.
Vasilyeva O.B., Pogodina O.A.
TO THE QUESTION OF NATURAL AND SOCIAL-CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF THE COMMUNICATION PROCESS IN THE CONTEXT OF BASIC CIVILIZATION MODELS
Abstract. The article assumes an analysis of the natural and sociocultural factors of the development of the main civilizational models – the western and eastern and, as a result, the identification of the basis of the specificity of communication in societies of this type. Since communication is realized through social interaction and is determined by the social connections of this or that society, the authors substantiate the determining factors of the development of the West (favorable climatic conditions, good natural resources, relatively small territory, openness for innovations, high level of economic development, private property, Catholicism and Protestantism, etc.) and the East (conservatism of agricultural culture, cattle breeding, tribal organization, seasonality is active ty, undivided man from nature, the uneven distribution of natural resources, teamwork, ideokratizm etc.). These factors are the technological component of the development of the West and the human component of the development of the East, and determine the nature and characteristics of social ties in the societies in question. They contribute to the formation of such features of a Western person as workaholism (constant implementation of labor activity), individualism (lack of collectivism, personal and economic freedom), rationalism, extroversion (openness to the outside world and to changes in oneself), selectivity (expectation effective result of activity), and such traits of an eastern person as collectivism, introverted consciousness, idealism, passivity, conservatism). In Western society, social ties are more formalized and regulated, and are also focused more on personal success than on collectivism and traditions characteristic of the East. Using reparative-comparative analysis, using the methods of analogies, extrapolations, genetic, systemic, structurally functional, the authors substantiate the basic (purpose-oriented and value-rational) types of social action as the basis of interpersonal communication in Western and Eastern environments. Assuming that all cultures are ecological in nature, therefore all sociocultural components are objective and natural, we can assume various types of human relationships depending on the cumulative effect of a complex of various factors.
Keywords: society, culture, social relations, social action, productive forces, socio-cultural determinants, development factors, socio-cultural specifics, civilizational features, West, East.
Abushkin B.M., Meshchankin A.V., Mashkova L.A.
ADAPTIVE PERSONAL DIAGNOSTICS OF TEENAGERS ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Abstract. The article describes a methodical approach to the organization of adaptive personality diagnosis and active dialogue with a teenager, aimed at the awareness and development of their personal qualities, as well as social interests and opportunities. The basis of this approach is the methodology of psycholinguistic analysis of the written speech of adolescents to study the characteristics of their emotional response in different social situations. The experience of foreign studies, justifying the relevance of work in this direction. A software package for the emotional marking of adjectives of the Russian language, including more than 4000 adjectives, which allows you to automatically calculate the emotional vector of words, is presented. A research methodology is described that implements a model of semantic proximity of words, in which semantic proximity between two words is based on the frequency of occurrence of these words with the same lexical environment. The work was done to substantiate a set of basic emotions, and on their basis, the subjects made markup of adjectives of the Russian language selected in advance, collected statistics on the proposed adjectives. The article presents the technology of automatic generation of information about the emotional content of words based on the methods of distributive semantics. Shows the effectiveness of this approach according to the results of foreign and our research. The results of the study based on the answers of 416 respondents.
Keywords: distributive semantics, word ranking, basic emotions, marking of adjectives of the Russian language, emotional vector of words.
SEPARATE EDUCATION OF BOYS AND GIRLS WITH CONSIDERATION THEIR LIFE IMPLEMENTATIONS BY THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION VOLKOV G.N.
Abstract. The article deals with the ideas and attitude of the founder of ethnopedagogics Volkov G. N. to the problem of differentiated approach in education of boys and girls with consideration their life implementations. Education is considered as a purposeful and organized process of preparation for life. Depending on whether the teacher – educator will educate them correctly, with knowledge of the nature of children of different sexes, the development potential of these children will be formed in the future, as well as the life realization of their female and male purpose.
In the education of boys and girls with regard to life realizations, G.N. Volkov saw the main positive aspect – the help to future young men and girls, future men and women in acquiring the ability for self-realization. The value of the goal, which is to increase the inequality of the education of boys and girls, is their happy life in the future.
Gennady Volkov considered a complete family, where three generations live, as a primary and important link in the general chain of action programs aimed at the harmonious development of boys and girls. In a family, only a good mother can put in the daughter those positive feminine qualities and qualities that are in the mother herself, and only the responsible father can teach his son the same. The older generation (grandparents), showing love and respect for the younger generation, will transmit life wisdom.
The national teacher attaches great importance to the self-education of children, to the knowledge of their own internal natural differences; to labor education, where their creative abilities, way of thinking, male and female character traits are revealed in the process of labor activity.
The ethnopedagogue G. N. Volkov is sure that a positive example and the authority of a teacher- an educator, his lifestyle, his good intentions, correct pedagogical actions will help to form the knowledge and skills in building meaningful relationships between boys and girls.
The issues of “separate” upbringing of children were carried out and continued by scientists of various fields of activity (philosophers, teachers, psychologists, sociologists, etc.) and all of them are convinced that taking gender differences in education into account is a necessary condition for mental health of children and for their happy future.
Keywords: separate differentiated education of boys and girls, the nature of the sexes, consideration of life implementations, harmonious development.
SECTION III. EFFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND SELF-REALIZATION
OF THE SUBJECT OF LABOR AND LIFE STRATEGY
Bogomolova E.V., Mitrokhina A.S.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE FORMATION OF INDUSTRIAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS OF THE DIRECTION OF PREPARATION “CHEMISTRY”
Abstract. At the present stage of development of human society and the education system, issues related to the quality training of future specialists and ensuring their competitiveness in the labor market are of particular relevance. Especially important is the training of chemists who play a major role in the development and modernization of production, the development and introduction of new technologies in the pharmaceutical, food industry, metallurgy, plastics, electronics, etc. The future of production and the development of innovative projects largely depend on the level of this training. in the chemical industry. Based on the analysis of the conditions of modern production, educational standards of bachelor of chemistry, curricula, work programs and other, the article presents the requirements for the production competence of future chemists. The paper presents the results of the analysis of the level of development of production competence based on the students’ understanding of: definitions “technological activity” and “production activity”, interrelation of technology and production; as well as the level of motivation of students to perform production activities. Conclusions are drawn on the need to develop a system for training future chemists. Ways of effective formation of production competence in future chemists based on the use of research and contextual training, activity and task approaches, the use of special practical tasks during practical training are described.
Keywords: modern chemists, industrial competence, preparation of the future chemist.
Sokolova L.V., Molchanova A.V.
FORMATION OF ECONOMIC IDEAS IN CHILDREN OF PRESCHOOL AGE IN THE PROCESS OF THE ATRICAL AND ARTISTIC ACTIVITY
Abstract. The article deals with concepts related to the economic education of preschoolers in the process of theatrical and artistic activities. Through theatrical performances, preschoolers will be able to plunge into the fairy-tale world and consolidate economic knowledge.
Key words: economic education, artistic and theatrical activity, theatre, economic competence, basic educational program of preschool education.
Pichkova L.S., Chertovskikh O.O., Bochkova J.L.
ANALYTICAL-SYNTHETIC SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AS THE KEY FACTOR IN CONTENT AND LANGUAGE INTEGRATED LEARNING
Abstract. Content and language integrated learning is regarded as the best practice in higher education which meets the demands for intensification and modernization of teaching techniques. This method is primarily applied in the context of the mastery of certain professionally defined competencies and is not limited by a subject framework. Thus, in foreign language teaching the priority is given to analytical-synthetic skills in dealing with information processing.
Key words: content and language integrated learning, professionally defined competencies, foreign language teaching, analysis, synthesis, information processing.
COMPETITION OF PROJECT WORKS AS A MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF SUBJECT-LANGUAGE INTEGRATED TRAINING
Abstract. The article analyzes the competition of design work for third-year students of the Moscow Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a form of training and presentation skills development in the framework of subject-oriented teaching of English. It is higher educational institutions that become the platform on which students perfect their skills for a successful presentation, which, in combination with a high level of foreign language skills, become a competitive advantage in finding a job and moving up the career ladder. The subject-oriented approach to the study of a foreign language, taking into account the direction of professionalization, allows us to offer teachers specific recommendations on the design of discourse, as well as real means of increasing its effectiveness. In addition to the expansion and deepening of knowledge in the professional field, the competition provided students with the opportunity to improve such competencies as analysis, synthesis, comparison and synthesis, the ability to reasonably defend their position. Experience has shown that such contests realize both creative potential and language skills, stimulate healthy competition and, which is especially important for international students, develop public speaking skills, therefore the role of presentation in the learning process is difficult to overestimate.
Keywords: presentation, subject-language integrated learning, language competence, public speaking, professional discourse.