Section I. Historical aspects of the developmentof human capital
DEVELOPMENT OFHUMANITARIAN SPACE OF THE UNION STATE OF BELARUS AND RUSSIA SINCE 1996
Abstract. Humanitarian ties, the community of the peoples of Russia and Belarus became one of the foundations for the formation of bilateral integration of the two countries in the 1990s and became one of the significant goals of creating the Union State of Belarus and Russia. At present, the Union State of Belarus and Russia is a unique integration association in which the cooperation in the humanitarian sphere is carried out systematically within budget financing. The author determines the stages of development of the humanitarian space of the Union State, its role in deepening bilateral integration as a whole.
Keywords. Union State of Belarus and Russia, recent history, history of Russia, history of Belarus, humanitarian cooperation, Belarusian diaspora.
FAMILY ATTITUDES AND PERSONALITY PECULIARITIES IN THE POLICY OF THE MOSCOW PRINCES OF THE XIV-XV CENTURIES
Abstract. The common assumption on the hereditary character of the policy of Moscow princes goes back to the “Course of Russian history” by V.O. Klyuchevsky. According to Klyuchevsky, the descendants of Daniel of Moscow were a reproduction of the same family type – a lengthy row ofmediocrities. This interpretation was organically linked with the overall picture of the national history created by the historian. It served as one of the components of the famous historical paradox by Klyuchevsky: in the history of Russia, low-level people accomplished great things. While appreciating the Kliuchevsky’s literary skills, a weak credibility of his proposed scheme must be recognized. Moscow Chronicles of the fourteenth to the fifteenth century demonstrate that the main condition for the development of a sustainable family type of political behavior, a direct inheritance of power from the father to the son and the transfer of power skills “from hand to hand”, was afar distant dream of a Moscow princely house. Due to a number of circumstances,the inheritance trajectory of supreme power by the descendants of Daniel lined up with an unexpected and unpredictable zigzags. Fathers usually went to a better world without having had time to transfer their political experience, their system of moral priorities to their sons. However, while losing on one field, the Moscow house won on the other area. Most of the Moscow princes were notburdened with their father’s imperatives and built their own policies. This freedom of action contributed to a more productive choice of goals and means of political struggle.
Keywords: Rise of Moscow, Daniel of Moscow, Ivan Kalita, Proud Semyon, Dmitry Donskoy.
KURDISH ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE CAUCASUS
Abstract. The article is devoted to Kurdish ethnic minoritiesliving in the countries of Trans-Caucasian region. The work deals with thestate policy of the countries of South Caucasus carrying out in relation to theKurds as an ethnic minority, in particular, language policy, religious policy, issues of representation in the structures of public authorities in thecountries of residence, state financing of cultural centers. A special role in the article is assigned to Kurdish cultural centers as organizations which activities are aimed at preserving andenhancing national self-identity. The key role in the article is assigned to famous Kurds who live outside their historical homeland, but who have made asignificant contribution to the social and political life of the country ofresidence and remaining patriots of their people.
Keywords: Kurdishethnic minorities, national holidays, Kurdish cultural center, Kurdish Diaspora, self-identity.
Mozebakh V.A., Raynkhardt R.O.
HISTORICAL-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE JAPANESE
“ECONOMIC MIRACLE” (1955-1973) AND ITS OUTCOMES
Abstract. The Japanese economic miracle is the period (1955–1973) when GDP growth rates in Japan were extremely high, excessing sometimes 10% a year. It was possible thanks to structural reforms of 1945–1955 carried out first by the US occupational administration and then by the Japanese government. These reforms basically implied the demonopolization and demilitarization of the national economy, transformation of the agricultural sector and changes in labor legislation and thus constituted an institutional basis for the new economic model. The high involvement of the US in the respective processes can be explained by the fact that after 1949 the task of rebuilding Japan into a powerful regional actor and ally acquired strategic importance for theWashington. Liberalization and wide range market reforms served as a basis for accelerated development. Various approaches can be taken to describe the course of economic development of Japan, and the article applies an industry-wise approach and another one dealing with state planning. The article also castslight upon the way the Japanese government carried out modernization and tracks a shift of the government’s priorities at the time. The article concludes that Japan had gone through stages of accelerated industrialization, from resource-consuming industries to knowledge-intensive ones. Stable economic development enabled the government to work out and fulfil plans of economic development until 1973, when the “oil shock” put an end to the miracle. Depsite the successive slowdown of economic growth the “Japanese model” shaped in the above period still proves its efficiency and viability.
Key words: Japan, Japanese “economic miracle”, economic reforms, structural modernization, catch-up development, indicative planning, “oil shock”.
Section II. Psychological-pedagogical bases of complex cognition of the modern personand society
Alyab’eva A.G., Korsakova I.A.
THE BRAND AS A MYTH: THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BRAND CREATIVE UNIVERSITY
Abstract. The article proposesthe author’s concept of developing the brand of higher educational institution of creative orientation on the basis of the laws of mythological perception ofthe world, a kind of structural units of which are the archetypes. The mythological representation of nature as archaic humans and modern, because they are embedded deeply in the collective unconscious through the archetypes convey ageneric human experience. The archetypal images evoke strong emotions, and superior to the rational possibilities of man. It is through the myth that gives events and facts symbolic meaning and affects all sides of the world, it is possible to form the image of the University in the minds of various subjects of the educational process, the attitude to it as a brand with a high positive reputation, originality, deep traditions. As an example, the authors describe the branding process of the Moscow state Institute of music named after Schnittke. In the symbolism of the University, the structural organization of creative teams and laboratories, the activities conducted under the auspicesof the composer name, implementing the basic principles of the formation of the brand from the point of view selected items. The authors of the article offer the parameters that can become the basis of branding of various organizations, and first of all creative University, for which the elements of emotional and associative series come to the fore.
Keywords: music education, creative university, brand, brand formation, structure of the myth, mythological consciousness, Schnittke University.
Guchapsheva I.R., Kumakhova J.B.
POSSIBILITIES OF CONTINUITY IMPLEMENTATION OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY
Abstract. Today, among the priority pedagogical problems this article examines the problem of analyzing, developing as well as introducing of successive study lineage in the process of continuous education, in particular, from secondary vocational education to higher professional education, which, as noted by the authors, naturally reflects on the process of professional formation of future specialists. The concept of uninterrupted education impliesthe need for every person, irrespective of age, place of work and residence, initially acquired profession, to provide the necessary conditions for theimplementation of their systematic education and self-education, advanced training and professional retraining, initiation to human cultural values. At present, the importance of this problem is increasing: the modernization of Russian education in the 21st century has its own distinctive features from previous reforms in the field of education characterizing by the fact that the main goal and meaning of modern education consist of its personality-oriented education dominant. Accordingly, the requirements for applicants are also changing especially as some of them having receive secondary vocational education. The authors note that each level of specialists training is professionally completed and, in turn, has its own place in the holistic system of continuing professional education. At the same time, after each stage of education, its graduates are ready for industrial activity and they also have an opportunity to receive professional education at a higher level. In this respect, the authors outlined the main challenges of continuity in the “college-university”system, mechanisms and possible conditions for its implementation, aimed at optimizing the process of college graduates adaptation to the educational process at the university.
Keywords: continuity, succession, secondary vocational education, higher professional education, pedagogical conditions, college, institution of higher education.
Guchapsheva I.R., Kumakhova J.B.
ISSUES AND ORGANIZATIONAL AND TEACHING ASPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION
Abstract. Considering the current shift to market economy, the nature and conditions of work of specialists in agriculture has changed demanding training of specialists with a high level of theoretical and practical qualification able to develop and update their knowledge and professional competence constantly. Therefore, the issue of organization of professional training of modern agriculture specialists in an agriculture high school studied in this article is important; the most significant directions and principles of agrarian staff training are studied, features of the modern agrarian education are studied, gaps in the modern agrarian education are identified, and directions and principles of training of modern agrarian specialists are described. The authors note that important features of a modern agriculture specialist include having general and special knowledge and anability to react quickly to all changes in industrial technologies and technological processes. A modern agriculture specialist has to have basic general and special knowledge, analytical mind, social and psychological competence, and intellectual culture, while innovation forms of business require a scientific approach and scientific basis of a rational business organization in the market conditions from both managers and employees of agricultural companies. Agricultural industry requires new managers and specialists with perfect knowledge of agriculture organization and technologies, able to analyze and forecast business results. So, the author shave analyzed requirements set by the economics to the level and quality of agriculture specialists. Considering this, the authors note that agriculture specialist training shall satisfy future demands of agriculture and, firstly, be forward-looking and, secondly, serve a basis for professional school development, which shall be considered as a system of its alignment with public requirements.
Keywords: professional training, high school of agriculture, agriculture, agrarian education, economics, agriculture labormarket, innovation development of agriculture, agricultural industry.
Kurdanova Kh.M., Sarbasheva Z.M., Kairova R.B.
COLOR MARKINGS IN ENGLISH AND GERMAN LANGUAGES
Abstract. In this article, the authors consider the color perception in English and German languages. Color symbolism in different languages is a multi-level system. It is a complex linguistic and cultural concept. In the perception of color, the most significant objects and eventsfor people are reflected. The authors proceed from the assumption that the color picture of the world can not fully convey the real reality of the environment. And the names of colors in each language cause certain associations. Comparative examples are given in English and German variants.The use of color vocabulary is the most important means of creating expressiveness in works. Consequently, the variety of use of colorful vocabulary causes both positive and negative emotions in the reader. The authors believe that since the semantic field of English and German is diversified and rich, it is possible to classify them. Within the framework of this approach, structural and semantic features of color markings should be considered.
Key words:color designation, word, syllable, language, perception, attitude, color, semantic field.
BASSOON IN MODERN POP-JAZZ MUSIC: PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMING PRACTICE AND FEATURES OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
Abstract. The article characterizes one of the least illuminated in the scientific literature spheres of performing on the bassoon – pop-jazz music. The author examines the work of the leading representatives of jazz performing art on the instrument, determines the main trends in this area of modern concert practice, explores the theoretical and methodological foundations of teaching this type of music playing on the instrument. In conclusion, the article deals with the question of opening classes of pop-jazz performance on the bassoon. The author comes to the conclusion that in the case of teaching the art of jazz performance in its “pure” form, such a measure in the bassoon pedagogy is not necessary, since the demand for such performers is limited. The author believes that modern means of self-training is enough for a bassist who has a predisposition to jazz performance independently reached the heights of skill in it. However, taking into account the style trends in modern solo, ensemble and orchestra academic performance on the bassoon, the author considers it very important to teach some elements of pop-jazz art in the bassoon classes, such as, for example, typical “pop” strokes, the basics of swing art, etc.
Key words: bassoon, performing on bassoon, bassoon in jazz, Michael Rabinowitz, pop-jazz music on bassoon.
Fasol A.A., Lapteva E.V.
METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE CREATIVITY OF BEGINNERS OF TEACHERS IN MILITARY EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION
Abstract. The article actualizes modern methodological approaches to the problem of the formation and development of communicative creativity of novice teachers in the process of professional retraining in a military educational organization. The methodological foundations of modern research on the problem of raising communicative creativity are determined. The system of education of communicative creativity of beginning teachers in the process of professional retraining in a military educational organization is considered. The main pedagogical ways of improving this system are determined through the use of interactive forms of education. The objective need to describe the concept of “communicative creativity” in relation to the system of higher military education is due to the obvious prerequisites. One of them should be attributed to the small, as a rule, involvement of a recent graduate of a military university (as well as adjuncture) in the search for optimal ways of transferring recently acquired scientific and practical knowledge to their pupils (it doesn’t matter whether directly in high school).
Keywords. Communicative creativity, military education, teaching methodology, goals of education, participativeness, discourse, pedagogical training, facilitation, post-training.
SOME OF THE FEATURES OF THE INITIAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ABILITY TO ARBITRARY PSYCHIC SELF-REGULATION AMONG SPECIALISTS OF POWER STRUCTURES
Annotation. The article deals with some features of the initial stages of development of the ability to arbitrary mental self-regulation in the specialists of power structures. The place and role of ability to mental self-regulation in their professional and personal development are considered. Special attention is paid to the description of evaluation criteria, sequence of mastering and peculiarities of interrelations of different technologies of arbitrary mental self-regulation in the integral system of professional and personal development. The presented material isillustrated by separate data obtained as a result of experimental research.
Keyword. The specialists of power structures, professional reliability, professional and personal development, psychic self-regulation, arbitrarypsychic self-regulation, state of introspection, autogenic training, guidedself-regulation on the method “Key”, autohypnotic AGIM, sensorimotor training.
MANAGEMENT: MANAGER’S MOTIVATIONAL PROFILE
Abstract. In this article, the author has analyzed and summarized results of Russian and foreign researches of the issue of a motivational profile of amanager’s personality considering different aspects influencing significantly the operation of a company in a whole. Examples ofmanagers’ personal features have been presented based on theoretical approaches. The author of the article has presented an empirical research of aspectsof work of socially-oriented company managers which allowed to expand aresearch field of aspects of a motivational profile of social sphere managers; the emphasis in the research has been shifted to studying team roles and management styles of managers of different gender, men and women, considering their managerial experience and number of their subordinates. As a result of the research, the author has obtained factor space of social and psychological features of managers’ personalities with different experience of work at management positions. The article proves that the aspects of interpersonal interaction of managers with different numbers of subordinates will have specific incentive factors which will determinethe style of management, while hierarchy of consciously preferred incentives of a motivational profile of a manager’s personality will show a preferred model of interaction with subordinates. The research proves the existence of statistically validrules connecting incentive factors, team roles, and style of management specific for male and female managers respectively. The article helps understand internal and external (social) issues of an incentive fieldof a manager’s personality which can be the basis of management efficiency.
Keywords: reasons of behavior, labor incentives, motivational profile, management, manager in social sphere, team role, style of management, labor.
Section III. The problem of effective development and fulfillment of the subject of work and life strategies
COGNITIVE COMPONENT CONTENT OF PROFESSIONAL SELF-AWARENESS OF YOUNG MEN AND GIRLS WITH VISUALLY IMPAIRED
Abstract. The article is devoted to the specific features of creation and development of professional consciousness of high school students with visual impaired. Professional self-awareness is presented as an aggregate of cognitive, affective and motivational components. The cognitive component constitutes a system of professional values and ideas of process owners about the future professional activity, as well as their capabilities. Disclosed are specificity of the professional self-awareness development and difficulties of its formation that are determined by the content of the stages of professional development. The system of professional values of boys and girls, their ideas about the development of professional activity factors in the future has become apparent: young people of the category appreciate creativity, the ability to show their capabilities, and provide psychological and consultative support. At the same time, there is a high level of uncertainty with regard to their own professional development opportunities. The study the locus of control of there spondents indicates the dominance of internal positions. It has been identified that among the studied youth with visual impaired there are no people with external locus of control. The results of the correlation analysis indicating the relationship of the level of professional values development, self-attitude, locus of control of senior pupils with visual impairment, are given. It is proved that the personality traits characterizing the locus of control and the attitude of the individual towards oneself determine the formation of the cognitive component of the professional self-awareness of young men and women with visual impaired.
Keywords. Professional values, factors of professional environment, young men and women with visual impaired,deprivation, self-conception, locus of control.
ISSUE OF CHILDREN’S ADAPTATION IN SUBSTITUTING FAMILIES: LOCAL ASPECT
Abstract. Modern society development and intensification of technical, technological, and innovation processes still do not help improve the situation of or neutralize the issue of children’s orphanage and children’s adoption by foster (substituting) families. Perhaps, it relates to imperfection of Russian system of control and support of substituting families’ ‘activities’ and foster parents’ partial misunderstanding of their social functions in this context. The aim of the article is analysis of factors influencing the advantages of achild’s introduction to a substituting family and his or her adaptation in the new family with his or her emotional and psychological perception of the established situation. The tasks are determined by studying a local issue of children’s adaptation in substituting families by monitoring potential families planning to adopt orphans. Research novelty lies in localization of the issue of child adaptation to a new family and, consequently, adaptation of the family itself considering specific features of each region, its mentality, culture, and other social and segmentation features influencing the solution of this issue rather than in generalization of criteria of this issue. Therefore, it is necessary to identify potential of each separate region for implementation of social policy of children adaptation in substituting families.
Keywords. Orphan child, substituting family, localization of issues, children’sadaptation, regional segmentation features, social policy.
ABOUT CREATIVE GROWTH OF STUDENTS WITHIN CONCERT PROJECTS OF THE MOSCOW MUSICAL SOCIETY
Annotation. Education of a musician-performer of academic musical genres in the modern world – a task that covers a number of professional pedagogical problems and factors, the most important of which is the creative growth of the artist on the concert stage. In domestic professional music schools carefully preserved the tradition of learning, remaining basically unchanged since the founding of music education in Russia. And if for a long time the educational form of certification of the musician-performer is the performance of the musical repertoire on stage, if the tests and exams in music schools are a public performance of the program, then the entire educational process can actually beconsidered in the context of preparing for a stage performance. In the framework of this topic, the author turns to the analysis of the projects proposed by the piano creative Commission of the Moscow musical society.
Key words: education of the musician-performer, Moscow musical society, creative growth.